Tuesday, November 30, 2010

The Distinguished Service Cross And The Navy Cross Awarded To Two Men From Schuylkill County

Pine Grove Soldier Awarded The Distinguished Service Cross For Bravery
T/Sgt Irvin R. Schwartz.
September 1945

Sgt. Schwartz played an important part in halting a German advance into Belgium, near the town of Spa, in a battle lasting from dawn until late afternoon one day last November.
He was awarded the DSC for this action. Withdrawn from rest after the battle of Huertgen forest, the 26th Infantry regiment, 1st Infantry Division formed a line of resistance against a threatened German break through. The 21st Panzer Grenadier Division attacked on force using a fast moving powerful tank infantry team.
Sergeant Schwartz’ antitank platoon fought as riflemen until three German tanks burst through the dense brush, 10 yards distant; firing their antitank guns at point blank range Schwartz and his men destroyed the panzers and mopped up the infantry in a fierce costly struggle. Shortly thereafter three additional tanks were crippled before their guns were smashed. The battle went on from fox holes under the direction of Sergeant Schwartz. Schwartz’s men stalked the German T=tanks with bazooka and poured small arms fire into the German infantry ranks. Stubborn defense and aggressive action stopped the German thrust.
Twenty eight panzer 50 in the sector were destroyed, eight by Sgt. Schwartz’s platoon. Twenty two men remained alive in G Company, and only a handful in his platoon.
For his part in fighting and aggressive leadership Major General Andrus awarded Sergeant Schwartz the Distinguished Service Cross at Asch, Czech. He also wears the Bronze Star and Presidential Unit Citation.

Distinguished Service Cross

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Army, for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions that merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree to be above those required for all other U.S. combat decorations but not meeting the criteria for the Medal of Honor. The Distinguished Service Cross is equivalent to the Navy Cross (Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) and the Air Force Cross (Air Force).

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Irvin R. Schwartz, Corporal, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with the 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against enemy forces on 21 December 1944. Corporal Schwartz's intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 1st Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, First U.S. Army, General Orders No. 51 (1945)

Pottsville Marine Gets Navy Cross For Blasting Jap Machine Gun Nest On Iwo Jima
February 1945
Sgt. Robert Sheipe

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: while engaged in action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party. To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross.

By Sgt Jack C. Smith
Marine Corps Combat Correspondent

Maui, T.H. For wiping out a Jap position with hand grenades on Iwo Jima, although twice wounded in the attempt. Sgt Robert Sheipe 20 Pottsville, Pa. received the Navy Cross.
Sgt. Sheipe a member of the Fourth Marine Division also fought at Roi-Namur, Saipan and Tinian.
“while voluntarily attempting to neutralize the fire of an enemy machine gun nest that was holding up the advance of his company,” his citation reads,”Sgt. Shipe was painfully wounded in the neck by an enemy sniper.
“Realizing that it was impossible to neutralize the position by counter machine gun fire he refused immediate evacuation and worked his way forward under intense sniper fire to a position where he was able to throw hand grenades into the emplacement.
“Although wounded although wounded again, Corporal Sheipe bravely continued to hurl hand grenades until the position. The citation stated.

Robert Sheipe’s Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during the World War II
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Corporal Robert G. Sheipe (MCSN: 457872), United States Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gun Squad Leader of Company L, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 26 February 1945. Volunteering his services for a hazardous mission, Corporal Sheipe attempted to neutralize the fire of a hostile machine gun holding up the advance of his company. Realizing the impossibility of completing his mission by counter machine-gun fire after he had been wounded, he refused immediate evacuation to work his way forward under intense sniper fire to a position where he was able to throw hand grenades into the emplacement. Although wounded again, Corporal Sheipe bravely continued to hurl hand grenades until the position was destroyed and the occupants annihilated. His outstanding courage, determination and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
General Orders: SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force Pacific: Serial 41646 ( Signed January 26, 1948)
Action Date: 26-Feb-45
Service: Marine Corps Reserve
Rank: Corporal
Company: Company L
Battalion: 3d Battalion
Regiment: 25th Marines
Division: 4th Marine Division

A few notes on the Battle of Iwo Jima, up to the 26th of February 1945 at which time Corporal Sheipe’s action took place. Sheipe belonged to the Co L, 3rd Battalion. 25th Marines Following info is taken from the “History of the Fourth Marines In WW2”…………………..
Thus by the night of D-day, the Division had all three of its rifle regiments (less some
Support Group elements), two battalions of artillery, and some heavy Shore Party equipment
ashore. Despite the withering enemy fire and extremely heavy casualties, the assault
units had driven ahead and established a line that Included the eastern edge of Airfield
No. 1 and was "of sufficient depth Inland from Blue Beaches to guarantee the successful
holding of the beachhead." Full contact with the Fifth Division had been established,
and adequate supplies were ashore for a continuation of the attack the next day.
The night of D-day was spent In trying to get ready for the next day's operations.
Some units had suffered terrible casualties:
BLT 3/25, for example, had lost 50% of Its men.
Accordingly, reserve companies and battalions were sent in to be attached to or to
relieve the most battered units. On the beach that night, in spite of all efforts, "no appreciable
progress was made in clearing the beaches of wrecked landing craft.** Enemy
harassing fire continued to fall all night long throughout the Division Zone.

As dawn came on February 20 (D plus 1), the men of the Fourth Division prepared for King hour:
At 0830 the assault began with RCT 23 on the left and
RCT 25 on the right. Through bitter enemy opposition, the 23rd Marines, reinforced with
tanks, fought its way across Airfield No. 1 to complete its capture by 1600. On the other flank, RCT 25 made little progress. Minefields prevented the use of tanks; terrain was very unfavorable; enemy resistance was fanatical, and the 25th's left flank was necessarily anchored to the adjoining unit of the 23rd Marines.

These first two days ashore left no doubt In anyone's mind that this would be the
Division's toughest battle. Losses already totaled 2,01l.***

Ashore, the sand proved a nightmare. Foxholes caved in, wheeled vehicles could not
move, and there was no cover from enemy fire. Japs deep In reinforced concrete piliboxes
laid down interlocking bands of fire that cut whole companies to ribbons. Camouflage
hid all the enemy installations. The high ground on every side was honeycombed with
layer after layer of Jap emplacements, blockhouses, dugouts, and observation posts. Their
observation was perfect; whenever the Marines made a move, the Japs watched every
step, and when the moment came, their mortars, rockets, machine guns, and artillery
long ago zeroed in—would smother the area In a murderous blanket of fire. The counterbattery fire and preparatory barrages of Marine artillery and naval gunfire were often Ineffective, for the Japs would merely retire to a lower level or inner cave and wait until the storm had passed. Then they would emerge and blast the advancing Marines.
In spite of all this, Fourth and Fifth Divisions moved ahead. After splitting the Island
on D-day,
On February 21 (D plus 2), after repulsing a night counter-attack by the Japs, the
Fourth Division attacked again. RCT 25 moved forward along the right flank by the East
Boat Basin
The Division combat efficiency was already down to 68%. Although the day's advances averaged only100-250 yards, the enemy had been driven from the cliff heights and Quarry area on the Division right flank0 while the left flank was approaching Airfield No. 2. Furthermore,
reinforcements were becoming available.
The American flag was raised on top of Mt. Suribachi (by the 28th Marines) at 1037
on February 23 (D plus 4)
RCT 24 had regained its detached battalions, and it relieved the 25th Marines on the right flank. RCT 25 reverted to Division Reserve.
Thus It went, day after day. The Zaps would attempt small counter-attacks or Inifitratlons
each night. Every morning after an artillery preparation, the Division would
Jump off in the attack against an endless series of concealed plilboxes and mutually supporting
positions. The three rifle regiments and their battalions were shuffled In and out
of the line In an effort to equalize the burden of assault work. Casualties continued to be
Starting about February 26 (D plus 7), the Division began w.orking Its way into the
enemy's main defense line of prepared positions. For the next week it ground slowly forward,
suffering bloody losses, and engaged in the most savage type of close combat. The
Zap line was based on a series of strongpoints known as Hill 382, the Amphitheatre, Turkey
Knob, and the village of Minami.
RCT 25 on the right of the Division had been engaged In equally fierce fighting during
this same period. Its left flank elements (mainly BLT 1/25) had run into a cliff-line and
the Turkey Knob defenses. No amount of shelling, demolitions, flamethrowers, or riflemen
seemed to dent the enemy's fanatical resistance here. Time and again advances
would be made at the cost of very heavy casualties, only to find that the position reached
was untenable at the end of the day, and that a withdrawal was necessary. Every possible
solution was tried. A surprise attack was launched without any artillery preparation. Out flankings and envelopments were attempted. To silence one concrete blockhouse In a
commanding position on top of the cliff-line, a 75mm howitzer was packed up to the front
lines, assembled, and put into action. Nothing seemed to succeed. After days of bloody battering, advances finally were made so that the Zap pocket
at Turkey Knob was nearly isolated. RCT 25, however, was worn out, and on March 3 It
was relieved by the 23rd Marines.
The Division had broken the back of the Jap line, but at a terrible cost. As of March 3,
It had lost 6,591 men. In spite of receiving a draft of replacements, the Division's combat
efficiency had fallen to 50%..

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Schuylkill Countian, from Ashland fought with the Rebel 1st Louisiana Artillery and was captured at Vicksburg. Pvt. Matthew Farne

Listed below is an interesting story of a Schuylkill Countian, from Ashland who fought with the Rebel 1st Louisiana Artillery and was captured at Vicksburg. Pvt. Matthew Farne.

September 5, 1863
An Irishman Experiences The South
Pottsville Miners Journal

Those who think Jeff Davis Confederacy is a pleasant place to sojourn in, and who vote in the north so as to encourage Jeff, to keep up his first class establishment, will oblige us by listening to the experience of an Irishman, formerly a resident of Schuylkill County. Matthew Farne who lived in Ashland, and went t the South several years since, and when the war broke out was forced into the rebel army, 1st Louisiana Artillery. He was taken prisoner at the surrender of Vicksburg and is now in Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Indiana. He is desirous of taking the oath of allegiance, and application has been made to Governor Curtin to have him released. To show the feelings of an Irishman who has tasted the beauties of Rebel Dom , we quote from a letter from him to his brother in Ashland: “You may rejoice that you have never for a moment borne the galling yoke of Secessionism, or the bondage of worse than Egyptian Slavery, that I with thousands of others have been obliged to carry for the last two years, and we thank the providence of God that we are on the road to the land of freedom, where alone a man can act as a man should act. I do tell you candidly, that I know not one Irishman when required to enter the Union service, but will do so with more energy than if they never knew the misguided cause they have been connected with...”
He has a poor opinion of the Secesh Officers:
“I tell you, and you may believe me, that a more cowardly set of men I never saw than the officers at the siege of Vicksburg, for though we stood the fire, famine, and fatigue for seven weeks, they skulked into their hiding places more than common negroes. Such is the chivalry of the South so much heralded. But when they fight a few more battles like Vicksburg the demoralization of their own army will cripple and crush them.”

Editors Note: The prison camp that Farne was held in:

Camp Morton, an Indianapolis civil war training camp and later a federal prison for captured confederate soldiers, was located in the area now bounded by Talbott Avenue to the west, Central Avenue to the east, Twenty-Second Street to the north, and Nineteenth Street to the south. Samuel Henderson, the first mayor of Indianapolis, originally owned this thirty-six acre tract, which contained scattered hardwood trees of mostly black walnut and oak and at least four good springs. This area became known as Henderson’s or Otis’ Grove. A creek flowed through this property upon which, after it was dredged in 1837, become known as State Ditch. State Ditch was later nicknamed the “Potomac” by the prisoners of Camp Morton. State Ditch is no longer visible as it was made into an underground drain some years after the war.

Farnes Regiment: 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery

Organized 5 Feb 1861 as part of the Louisiana State Army, the 1st Heavy Artillery transferred to Confederate service 13 Mar 1861, with 744 men. Regimental headquarters remained at the New Orleans Barracks while the various companies occupied the forts of the New Orleans defenses.
The Regiment marched out after the surrender of Vicksburg and went into a camp for paroled prisoners. After being exchanged, the Regiment went into service at Mobile, arriving in January of 1864.
The Regiment continued to garrison batteries in the Mobile area until 11 Apr 1865, when they were dismantled and the men evacuated as part of the evacuation of Mobile. When Lieutenant General Richard Taylor's Army surrendered on 8 May 1865, the 1st Heavy Artillery was camped at Cuba Station, Alabama; and the men receivd their paroles as part of Taylor's

Monday, November 1, 2010


From the Pottsville Republican
NOVEMBER 17, 1965 Sp4 John Ferenchick, Minersville, Pa.

Minersville- “I hope and pray the coal region people are different and I think they are.”, Writes a borough serviceman from Viet Nam after reading of the draft card burnings and other such protests by U.S. residents to the war against communism.
Sp4 John Ferenchick, who has been in Viet Nam four months, wonders if these demonstrators realize that Americans are dying so that those who attempt to undermine them may continue to be free.
“What kind of people are they?” he asks.
The people of South Viet Nam know what kind of ruthless enemy the Americans are helping them to fight, Ferenchick notes. To illustrate, he tells of one 12 year old boy he knows.
The lad, one of the youngest regulars in the South Viet army, joined the service because”the Viet Cong kept coming to my village and killed many of my people for no reason at all. They also kept me from going to school and working. I don’t like that, so I decided to become a soldier.
He and his father are members of the same heavy weapons platoon. His mother and a younger brother lived in a Montagnard tribal village outside the camp at Plei Me, but their fate is unknown since the communists attacked the camp in a recent heavy attack.

Ferenchick is a member of the 504th Military Police unit located three miles from Pleiku along route 19 in the Red infested Central highlands north of Saigon.
“Our main functions, “ he writes , “Are to escort convoys on route 19, to check security on incoming vehicles and to help the perimeter defenses of Pleiku, which is under surveillance 24 hours a day. Our part is small but ectremly important both for civilians and our own forces.””The point I want to get across to these people who are demonstrating,” he concludes, “is they should take one look at themselves and ask, What kind of a person am I.”


Minersville Soldier writes home about the Vietnam War 1965

While doing research for a musical program on the songs of the soldier 1756-1975, that I plan to do around Veterans Day, I came across one of the best songs I’ve heard, entitled “The 8th Of November”, by recording artists “Big and Rich”. It was recorded in 2006. It deals with the story of one man from the 173rd Airborne who was wounded in a battle north of Bien Hoa, Vietnam on November 8th, 1965.

Big and Rich talk about their Song, “The 8th of November”
Arts & Entertainment | Music
Country duo Big & Rich (Kenny Alphin and John Rich) have never neatly fit into any one category or classification. Larger than life, the two came on the scene with the colorful “Save A Horse, Ride A Cowboy,” and have never looked back.
Their latest single, “The 8th of November,” is based on a story so significant that it could not be told in a standard 3-1/2-minute song and video. The track from their “Comin’ To Your City” album has been made into an hour-long documentary that will debut on GAC on Saturday, July 1, at 9 p.m. EDT.
The inspiration for “The 8th of November” is Niles Harris, a Vietnam veteran and Purple Heart recipient who survived a battle that took place on Hill 65 in War Zone D on Nov. 8, 1965. Forty-eight of Harris’ comrades in the Army’s 173rd Airborne were killed and hundreds wounded in a battle that found them outnumbered 30 to 1.
In 1965, Alphin was a 1-year-old and Rich was not yet born, but a chance meeting with Harris in a Deadwood, S.D., bar created what has become a lasting friendship. In 2002 _ before they had a record deal _ Alphin and Rich played at a saloon in Deadwood where Harris tended bar.
Moved by Harris’ tale of life as a 19-year-old Army private shot down in jungle fire, the duo wrote “The 8th of November.”
“The difference between writing this song and writing other songs is that normally Kenny and I would sit right down, have a couple of beers and write a song,” Rich says in the documentary.

Big Kenny and Rich with Niles Harris

“But in this case, it was so important to us that we just wanted to make sure it was right,” Alphin adds. “It’s the pinnacle of all we’ve written so far.”
In 2005, the duo asked Harris if he would be interested in revisiting Vietnam for the first time since his last tour. With a documentary crew of Americans and Vietnamese in tow, the group traveled 34 hours to the exact site of the Hill 65 battle. The boots Harris was wearing the day of the battle were buried at that site in a crater made by a B-52 bomb.
“Niles Harris’ story sheds light on the realities of one individual in the center of a war,” the duo said about the inspiration for their documentary. “There are thousands more out there just like his and we wish to honor all of our military personnel who have represented our country with courage and bravery.”

Check out this video on you tube

As a sixteen year old Pottsville High School student I remember well the headlines of the Pottsville Republican in 1965. I was always interested in anything associated with the U.S. military and by early 1965 the Vietnam War was escalating into a major full scale war. Unfortunetly the war would last another 10 years. Five years after reading the headlines in the Republican I also would serve a tour of duty in Vietnam, starting on November 1, 1970.

President Lyndon Johnson sent a battalion of U.S. Marines to Vietnam, in April, they landed at Da Nang ;In May, the President submitted an emergency appropriation request to Congress to fund the U.S. effort in Vietnam; in June, LBJ gave General William Westmoreland the authority to commit American troops to ground combat operations in Vietnam. By the end of the Kennedy administration 16,000 troops had been committed to Vietnam By the end of 1965 184,000 American troops were in Vietnam.
This article will take a look at 17 days of headlines from the Vietnam War as reported by the Pottsville Republican centered on the 8th of November battle written about in the song.
It is hard to find any stories from the local men and women who served in the war. Seeing that this war was very unpopular not much was reported, especially during the early years.

NOVEMBER 2, 1965

NOVEMBER 4, 1965

NOVEMBER 4, 1965

NOVEMBER 4, 1965

NOVEMBER 5, 1965

NOVEMBER 6, 1965

NOVEMBER, 6, 1965

NOVEMBER 6, 1965

NOVEMBER 8, 1965

NOVEMBER 8, 1965

NPVMEBER 8, 1965


NOVEMBER 9, 1965
Saigon, South Vietnam, (AP) U.S. paratroopers fighting in the thick jungle of D zone north of Saigon killed 391 Communists troops, a U.S. Spokesman reported today.
The spokesman said American casualties in the day long battle Monday were moderate but reliable sources said the 173rd Airborne Brigade had suffered its heaviest casualties since it came to Viet Nam.
The bulk of the Communist losses were attributed to air attacks, heavy artillery and automatic weapons fire.
Battle Starts Quick
The battle occurred about 30 miles northeast of Saigon when a U.S. company encountered an estimated 500 men, of the enemy, Within the hour a battalion of paratroopers was fighting.
The spokesman said in one area an artillery barrage killed 60 Viet Cong. The Communists stripped all the bodies apparently to prevent identification.
Unofficial sources said fighting continued during the night. U.S. Air Force B52’s from Guam raided a dense jungle area of D Zone 10 miles to the west, but a spokesman said the raid was not directly related to the paratroopers operation.
Ground action was reported light in other areas. A Viet Cong company attacked a government outpost in the Mekong Delta Monday night but was reported beaten off. The Communists left arms, and bodies behind.
U.S. Air Force and navy planes flew 36 missions over South Vietnam and North Viet Nam, attacking roads, bridges and rail yards and truck parks.
South Vietnamese Gov’t troops reported they killed 25 Viet Cong in an action 80 miles south of Saigon.
Communist ground fire brought down a U.S. Army helicopter south of Saigon Monday, and one crew man was killed. The helicopter was supporting a ranger operation. Rescue helicopters picked up the other three crewmen.
Troops of the U.S. Army’s 101st “Screaming Eagles” Brigade reported seven VC killed, one captured and 106 suspects detained in a mop up operation west of Qui Nhon, in Central Vietnam.
The 173rd Airborne Brigade’s 1st battalion had been scouting an area of D zone for four days before it made its first contact.
The Communists opened up with heavy fire from entrenched positions as a company of paratroopers was searching an abandoned village.
The battalion’s two other flank companied moved in on the flanks in an unsuccessful attempt to overrun the communist position.
The three U.S. companies remained heavily engaged as heavy U.S. air and artillery fire came raining in on the enemy.
The Viet Cong held fast for several hours, and then gradually broke off contact.
An Australian battalion got into a firefight in the same general area late Monday afternoon and reportedly suffered light casualties. Darkness made an estimate of Viet Cong losses impossible.
The Australians said they had killed six Viet Cong earlier in the operation and captured five.
Brig. General Ellis Williamson commander of the 173rd said the enemy troops engaged Monday were not wearing the black pajamas usually worn by the Viet Cong but were dressed in gray fatigue uniforms and had steel helmets and rucksacks.
“The enemy made every effort to strip all of the bodies of everything, including identification, and all usable equipment,” Williamson said, “There is no question but this was a main force outfit.”

NOVEMBER 10, 1965

NOVEMBER 11, 1965

NOVEMBER 12, 1965

NOVEMBER 12, 1965

NOVEMBER 13, 1965

NOVEMBER 15, 1965

NOVEMBER 15, 1965

NOVEMBER 15, 1965

NOVEMBER 16, 1965

NOVEMBER 17, 1965

NOVEMBER, 17, 1965


Wednesday, October 27, 2010

THE LAST NINE...A Mill Creek Soldier’s Heroic Fight During World War 1

Mill Creek Soldier’s Heroic Fight During World War 1
Pottsville Journal September 12, 1918
Stanley Savage, of Mill Creek, Helped to Hold Back A Hun Attack With Salvaged Ammunition...

Stanley Savage of Co. H, 112th Infantry, 28th Division, A Mill Creek boy, is mentioned in the dispatches from France for bravery
He was one of the 100 men who were cut off with Lieutenant Turner. By a dense fog and barrage fire. The force was reduced to nine men. They took shelter in an old house and defended themselves against the Huns by going out in the open and taking ammunition from their fallen comrades. Savage was the man who got the ammunition.
After holding the enemy off for hours in this way the men escaped by swimming the river. Three Schuylkill county boys were among the survivors, they being, Frank Savage, Frank S. Incouski and George Kertitierm the later two from Port Carbon.
Another Co. H man, Ralph E. Lesser, of Ridgeway was orderly to Lieut. Turner and survived the ordeal.
Lesser, Incouski and Kertitier cannot be identified in this region, but Savage is well known. He resided at upper Mill Creek between Colonel Hyde’s residence and the State Police barracks. He served as an orderly with the State Police and was also employed for a time at Joyce Greenhouse.

Officers of the 103rd Engineers

He is the son of Mr. And Mrs. Michael Savage, of Mill Creek, and has a brother and a number of sisters living in that vicinity. He is a fine big soldier and was among the first to volunteer for Co,H when it was drilling at Agricultural Park, last summer.
The Following Account is From the U.S. Army reports at the Front, dated September 9, 1918.
Little has been told of the desperate fight of a handful of Americans against an overwhelming number of Germans for the possession of Fismette. Even with information now available from American survivors and German officers and soldiers taking part in the fight, several phases of the affair, notably the fate of close to 100 Americans who have not returned and have not been accounted for as prisoners is shrouded in mystery.
The fight started at daylight August 27, and raged until noon when the American was driven back across the Vesle for the time being. A plain recital of the “last nine”, an epic which would stand out in any age, shines out from the hours of death.
Lieut. Ben E. Turner, Chicago, a former sergeant, was the last man to cross under a hail of hostile machine gun bullets, high explosives and shrapnel shells. Turner had a platoon of about fifty men at the extreme eastern edge of the village when the German attack, preceded by a terrific artillery barrage behind a smoke screen. Was launched at 4:39 a.m. during a fog. The toll taken by the Germans was heavy. The American officer commanding the company was killed and the men dropped one by one.
Only twenty men were left when at 9 o’clock Lieut,. Turner started to lead the little party towards the bridge. He reached the remains of a stone house the roof of which had been torn off by shells and the walls of which had been partially demolished.
The ruion stood about 300 yards from the bridge. He took account of his strength and found that now he had nine men including himself. Two Chauchot automatic rifles and one army rifle were their only weapons. Turner used the rifle and Frank Sincousky, private Port Carbon and O. H. Hunt, private Logan, W. Va. Worked the automatics.

A Chauchat gunner
Sgt. Richard Moore and William M. Fleishifer and Ralf Lesser privates all of Ridgeway, Pa. and Moses Wallace, private , Factoryville, Pa. and Stanley Savage, Private, Pottsville were the others in the little band that risked their lives collecting ammo from the bodies of fallen Americans. They kept up such a fusillade they gave the impression that building was a perfect nest of machine guns..
Six German officers were wounded and an unknown number of men, Entrenched on the left side of the building another hardy squad worked a machine gun and helped to hold back the attacking force. The building was struck by a German shell at 10:45 o’clock, wiping out the gun crew.
Lieut Turner realized that further resistance meant another Alama. “Make your way across the river,” he said. “I’ll stay here and protect you.”
“nothing doing,” replied his men, “We’ll stick with you.”, “All right, we’ll all make a run for it together,” said Turner.
During the next lull, they slipped out from the rear of the ruins and started dodging along the river bank until they reached the broken bridge. Shells were bursting on all sides and bullets were whistling over the little hollow where Turner stopped. “Over we go boys,” he said. “Lie low on the opposite bank.”
Giving the first man a shove they started across swimming on scrambling along by the remains of the bridge. “I’m going back to fire a couple more shots so that the Germans will think we are still there.” Said Turner as he handed Lesser a piece of paper on which he had hastily scribbled a Chicago address, adding, “write to this party if I don’t rejoin you.” Like a flash he was gone. The other eight reached the opposite side without a scratch.
When lesser climbed dripping up the bank he discovered that their leader was not among them. “I am gong back.” He said. “I am not a quitter.”
The soldiers echoed his words and started back toward certain death. “We could hear his gun going in the house which we had left.” Said Lesser in telling the story.
Then it was silence and every man gulped. Then a couple of minutes later the Lieutenant emerged from the river and splashing through the shallows and joined us. “The Germans shelled us for nearly a mile up the road, but we got away.”
That is the story of the Last nine.

From the History of the 112th Infantry......
"On August 16 the 112th Infantry received orders to relieve the 100th Infantry when holding the left sub-sector of the Pennsylvania sector, the First Battalion of the 112th to take over the left half of the sub-sector on the night of August 17-18; the Second Battalion the right half on the night of August 18-19; the Third Battalion to go into support on the line of resistance on the night of August 18-19 the command of the line to pass to the commanding officer, 112th Infantry at four o'clock, August 19.
'The part of the order affecting the First Battalion had been carried out when the order was superseded by the following changes: the First Battalion to extend its front to include the entire sub-sector on the night of August 18-19; the Second Battalion to take position on the right half of the line of resistance; the Third Battalion the left of the line of resistance. The entire relief was effected in good order. By 5 a. m., August 19, all units were in their assigned positions.
"The disposition of the combat groups in the front lines was completed with Companies A and C occupying Fismette, Company B holding the right flank south of the river and Company D, minus one platoon being used to cover the left flank in support of Fismes. By this time mixed liaison combat groups had been established with the units on our flanks. One company of the 109th Machine Gun Battalion, together with the Machine Gun Company, 112th Infantry, took up a position previously selected in the zone of combat groups. On the night of August 19-20 the enemy attempted to launch a raid on our left flank in Fismette. This was quickly repulsed by our automatic rifles. There were no casualties. "Up to this time the houses on the extreme left of Fismette were being occupied after dark by enemy machine gunners, who were causing considerable trouble to our troops, so, on the night of August 20-21, under cover of our own normal barrage, supplemented by Stokes mortars and one-pounders of this regiment, Company A, after a slight engagement, succeeded in extending its left flank to include this part of Fismette."
On the night of August 22-23 the First Battalion in the front line was relieved by the Third Battalion, the former occupying the position of the Third Battalion on the line of resistance. Companies A and B of the 109th Machine Gun Battalion, and a company of the 112th Infantry were also in the outpost zone, the latter company withdrawing to a position in a ravine.
On the night of August 26-27 the following changes of positions were effected. The First Battalion of the 1 11th Infantry, moved into position formerly occupied by the Third Battalion of the 1 11th Infantry. The latter moved up into the line of resistance and took up a position where the Second Battalion of the 112th Infantry had been stationed. The Second Battalion of the 112th Infantry, relieved the Third Battalion on the front line. The Third Battalion then moved back to the area vacated by the First Battalion of the 111th
Infantry in the barrier zone. The relief of the front line was accomplished in good order without casualties, all units being in position by one hour. Company H occupied the left flank and Company G the right flank in Fismette. South of the river Company F held the right of the sector, Company E the left. Liaison with the flanks was obtained without delay, but a CAPTURED GERMAN MACHINE GUNS considerable interval

Typical German Soldiers
At 4:10 a. m., after a heavy enemy barrage on Fismette which lasted for at least fifteen minutes, destroying many of the American strong points, the enemy launched an attack on Fismette. Following very close to the heavy barrage which was lifted from Fismette and put down on Fismes, they succeeded in entering the town both from the front and flanks before the American machine guns and automatics could put up sufficient resistance.
This resulted in hand-to-hand fighting, rendered difficult because of poor visibility at that hour of the day. Communication was cut off to the rear by enemy artillery. Hand grenades were the chief weapon in the attack, though in the left sector the use of liquid fire was reported.
Our troops collected heavy toll from the enemy before being forced to evacuate Fismette. By this time Captain Lucius M. Phelps, in command of the outpost zone, had been wounded, and Captain Harry F. Miller put in command. The latter spent the balance of the time on the line, organizing a strong defense in Fismes. The streets were barricaded and wire entanglements placed about seventy-five yards behind the barricades so as to be out of range of hand grenades The Stokes mortars were placed to take care of possible river crossings, and these, together with onepounders, would do effective work against any attempt of the enemy to force a crossing.
Survivors of Companies G and H who got across the Vesle and reached Fismes that morning stated that the Germans poured into Fismette by hundreds. As the German force which attacked Fismette was considered not to exceed 2,000, the first statements of survivors were thought to be exaggerations. Not until after the signing of the armistice and the return of Lieutenant Edward Schmelzer, Lieutenant Milford S. Fredenburg and Lieutenant Alfred A. L. Young, from the German prison camps at Rastatt and Yilligen, was it possible to establish with any degree of accuracy just what took place at Fismette on the morning of August 27. The three officers,
Company G had 124 men in the town when the enemy attack was made and Company H had a total of 106 men in the front line. Company G lost as prisoners, twenty-two wounded and sixty-two unwounded men, Company H lost as prisoners, twenty-four unwounded and twenty-nine wounded soldiers; total prisoners taken by the Germans numbered 127, so far as Lieutenant Schmelzer and Lieutenant Fredenburg could ascertain. These officers estimated that of the remaining ninety-three men, approximately seventy-five men were killed in hand-to-hand fighting.
During the night of August 30111-31 st the troops on the line of resistance were subjected to gas attack, which lasted approximately two and a half hours. With the exception of the 109th Machine Gun Battalion, the casualties from the gas were slight.

Friday, September 17, 2010


Rededicating the 50th Monument Antietam

Today marks the 148th anniversary of the Battle Of Antietam. From my book "A History of Company C 50th Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry Regiment" I take the following:

Private John Doudle:

“On the night of the 16th of September we were put on picket duty, we occupied a position on the extreme left front of the Corps. On the morning of the 17th we had a fine view of the battle, though a few miles distant.”

The regiment remained on picket duty the night of the 16th; the boys in company C were receiving sporadic fire through out the night. The enemy suffered heavy casualties and the dead and wounded rebels were left lying all over the mountain. Returning to the first brigade and forming up the boys moved out about 7 a.m. on the 17th of September. The 50th Pennsylvania Regiment pushed on toward Antietam Creek.
On Wednesday morning the fight commenced at daylight. The boys were under fire most of the a.m. About 1 p.m. the regiment crossed the Antietam and marched off to the right under the cover of a hill on the opposite side of the bridge. Christ’s brigade now held the extreme right of Burnsides Army. After resting for a short period of time the brigade was ordered to advance. Colonel Christ at the head of the brigade was carrying and waving the colors of “Virtue, Liberty and Independence “ and in a strong voice commanded the boys to “Forward”, the boys moved off into a hail of bullets and shell. They reached the top gaining more ground than the left wing or the center wing. They had to halt and wait till the other wings caught up. Colonel Christ realizing what had happened order his brigade to lie down. While lying on the gropund the boys were subjected to some of the most horrible fire ever endured, but yet the boys stood it with a coolness of veterans. As the left came up, the command again was given to advance and the brigade drove the rebels out of a cornfield and an orchard completely routing them. The fight over for the 50th the boys marched back behind the cover of the hill and bivouacked for the night. Captain Burkert of company C was wounded in the leg in this action .

Corporal Charles E. Brown:

“On September 17th we went into the battle of Antietam. We lost heavy in this battle and among the loss was our drummer boy Jere Helms. In this engagement Helms threw away his drum and took up a musket and charged with his comrades. He was shot through the head and died almost instantly. The rebel army was almost knocked to pieces.
General Burnside told McClellan to give him five thousand fresh troops and he would drive the balance of Lee’s army to the Potomac. McClellan refused to do so, and although he had thirty thousand troops on reserve they never fired a shot in the Battle of Antietam. McClellan stopped the battle and for two days we lay around and in the meantime Lee got his army over the Potomac and put them in good shape again.”

Private John Doudle:

“Returning to the brigade during the morning we crossed the stone bridge and filed to the right, marching to the crest of a hill, where we formed ready for action.
Prostrated on the ground, at the crest of the hill we endured a sever fire from the enemy’s artillery; in a bout an hour after forming the command “Forward” was given. Though tired and exhausted having been on picket duty all night, we entered the battle with the greatest enthusiansim charging upon the enemy and driving them from their position. The engagement was short, but during that time our loss was killed Jeremiah Helms private, Augustus Berger private, Daniel McGlenn, private and Richard Fahl, private. The wounded in the company were Jonathan Brennan, private, Jacob Helms, private John Graeff, private Frank Fenstermacher, private and Samuel Agley, private.”

1st Sgt. William H, Menning:

“My last letter you will remember was dated from Washington City, and was written a few days after the fight at Bull Run. Since then we have again done a little in the fighting line and I am happy to say we did better than we did at Bull Run, for the time we came off first beat and the Secesh party had to skedaddle. I will give you a list of the names of the killed and wounded of Company C in this regiment.
Company C is commanded by Capt. Daniel Burkert and was raised in Schuylkill Haven and vicinity. This company was very lucky at South Mountain, as we did not lose a man. We however suffered severely in the late fight at Sharpsburg considering the time we were under fire. Our loss was 2 killed and 8 wounded.
Killed was Richard Fahl, and Daniel McGlenn, Wounded was Augustus Berger who since has been reported as died, Jeremiah Helms shot in the head, Jonthan Branner, shot in the shoulder, Samuel Agley shot in the leg, John Graff shot in the face, Franklin Fenstermacher, shot in the shoulder and Jacob Hehn shot in the arm.”

In the action at Antietam a tragic situation would unfold when Jeremiah Helms 16 years of age one of the drummer boys of company C was killed in action. Jere Helms as he was known to the men of company C was the youngest son of Mr. Peter Helms of Schuylkill Haven. On this day Jere would lay down his drum and take a musket and charge with his company only to receive a minnine ball in the head that ball would prove fatal. Mr. Peter Helms Jere’s father traveled to Sharpsburg where he retrieved the body of his youngest son. Written in the Pottsville Miners Journal of October 12th 1862 was the sad story of this young patriot.

On last Tuesday a week, Jeremiah Helms, the youngest son of Mr. Peter Helms of Schuylkill Haven, and a member of Company C, 50th regiment P.V. Was interred at Myerstown, Lebanon County, his former residence in the presence if a large concourse of mourners and friends. Rev. Mr. Yengst preached a sermon upon the following text. Found in the 11th Chapter, 25th verse of St. John. “Jesus said unto her. I am the resurrection and the life, he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.”
His father brought his corpse home from the late battlefield of Antietam, where he was mortally wounded on the 17th ult. While nobly battling with the enemy in defense of those dear rights which every freeman should enjoy. He was shot through the head with a Minnie ball in line of the eyes. He was perfectly sensible for the first seven days of his suffering, and able to walk about. Thus he lingered, with out a murmur, bearing his pain like a true soldier, with Christian fortitude, until the morning of the 27th, only the day previous to his father arrival, when he breathed his last and became another victim to this cursed rebellion and sacrifices at the star of his country’s choicest blessing, liberty and freedom. He fell a noble hero martyr to the cause he so much loved to defend. His comrades bear testimony of his true soldiery conduct, always cheerful and prompt in performance of his duty. He fought well at the battles of Pocatalico, S.C. Bull Run, Chantilly, Va. And South Mountain and Antietam Md. He prevailed for some time upon his parents to go to war: they could not at first consent to his going on account of his youth, but seeing that he was fired with a zeal of patriotism that was pure and noble, permission was given when he enlisted in Co. C 50th Regt. P.V. at the age of 16 years. He is the youngest of three brothers, all of whom have enlisted in defense of the Union, at the respective ages of 16, 18, and 20 years.
After the battle of Bull Run he was heard in earnest prayer, upon bended knees in his tent. In his last letter, which was after the Battle of South Mountain he wrote his parents not to feel uneasy about him, that he was fighting for the Lord, as well as for the protection of the Stars and Stripes, and his parents to attend a “Camp Meeting” in serving the Lord. His brother James, who is a member of the 48th P.V. visited him during his suffering, when he told him that he should return to his regiment and do valiant service, that he was beyond recovery. He also told his nurse the same, Morgan Pugh of Minersville, and that by his kind and unceasing attentions towards him, he (Pugh) only prolonged his suffering, as he could not recover.
He sees to have been resigned to his fate, and satisfied to die, as a proud defender of his insulted country.
October 7th 1862

Monday, August 30, 2010

Army Ranger From Tower City Killed In Helicopter Crash August 29, 1970

Lawrence Elwood Scheib, Jr
Specialist Four
Army of the United States

Tuesday, August 24, 2010

PFC. Thomas P. McKerns KIA August 28,1969

41 Years Ago Today A Mahanoy City Soldier Was Killed In Actiom Trying To Save His Comrades.

The 4th Battalion went to Vietnam in the spring of 1966, operating initially in War Zone D and around Tay Ninh near the Cambodian border. In 1967, the battalion moved north to help form the 23d "Americal" Infantry Division. Operating at Quang Ngai, Chu Lai, and the Que Son Valley for most of the rest of the war, the 4th Battalion fought to keep Viet Cong guerillas and the North Vietnamese Army from capturing the coastal lowlands. Two of the battalion's members earned the Medal of Honor almost a year apart near the bitterly-contested village of Hiep Duc. When American forces departed, the 4th Battalion 31st Infantry was part of the last brigade to leave Vietnam. It was deactivated in 1971.

45 Years Ago Today Schuylkill County Lost A Marine

Marine Lance Corporal David C. Ney

The Actual Date Was August 24, 1965
tag photo to enlarge

USMC KC-130F BuNo 149802, c/n 3693, of VMGR-152, MAG-15, veered off runway on take-off from Kai Tak Airport, Hong Kong and hit seawall, and crashed into the sea. No. 1 propeller reversed. This was the first Hercules hull loss in Marine Corps service. It was carrying Marine personnel returning to Vietnam after R & R in Hong Kong - of six crew and 65 passengers, 59 were killed while flying.  This is the worst accident at Kai Tak. The airport was relocated to Chek Lap Kok in 1998.

Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Agent Orange...How We Were Killed In Vietnam And Didn't Even Know It.

I am a Vietnam Veteran and I am sick of the way we are treated concerning the Agent Orange Issue, Many of my brothers and Sisters have died from the effects of being exposed to agent orange. For years many of them have fought with the VA about getting compensation for the diseases we are now suffering from. And I for one am sick of it.. So I wrote these two letters to the Pottsville Republican Newspaper over the last couple of months, but they chose not to publish them, Why? I don't know. But here on my blog I can publish them.
Recently we were so close to getting compensation for the effects of what we suffer from and then a Senator From Virginia Jim Webb, A Democrat and Vietnam Veteran himself is trying to stop payment on three new AO presumptive diseases. It really hurts when it comes from one of our own Vietnam Vets, But I guess he puts political garbage ahead of honor, and I hope he is not re-elected to the Senate.

Recently, while looking at photos of the guys I served with in Vietnam 40 years ago and seeing the smiles on their faces, I knew we were all going to make it home. Although the Vietnam war has once again reappeared in my life like a bomb shell. Like many of my brothers and sisters who served in Vietnam I now have a major health issue and have had major surgery for this illness. The illness is related to my time spent in Vietnam and my possible exposure to herbicides, such as agent orange.
It is hard to believe but according to Joe Violante, legislative director for DAV, "If you look at the Vietnam veteran population, the diseases we've contracted and the mortality rate, the only group dying at a faster rate are the World War II veterans," Chairman of Government Affairs for Vietnam Veterans of America John Miterko said, "We're picking up diseases by our '60s that we shouldn't be getting until our late '70s, early '80s.
One thing can be assured, the number of Vietnam veteran deaths has almost doubled since 2001 and, according to Department of Veterans Affairs' projections, will hit 103,890 this year -- approaching 300 a day. That's more than five times the average daily number of U.S. combat deaths during the peak casualty year of the war in 1968. Psychology professor John Wilson, at Cleveland State University, said one difference between Vietnam vets and those who served during World War II is that the older vets had closure -- a recognized victory -- for their conflict. The World War II vets came home heroes and were treated as such, he noted. But for the Vietnam vet there was never an end point, psychologically," The impact of war continues long after the shooting stopped.
But it doesn’t end with only the psychological illnesses suffered by Vietnam vets.. During the Vietnam War nineteen million gallons of Agents Orange, Blue, White, and Purple were sprayed in country (over 6 million acres), and it was applied at up to 14 times the recommended domestic agricultural application rate. Subsequently, these chemicals have been banned in the U.S. due to their intense toxicity, being considered, perhaps, the most potent cancer-causing substance ever studied by the Environmental Protection Agency.
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, based on studies conducted by the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, lists 15 conditions -- qualifying veterans for service-related compensation -- that might be connected by exposure to the defoliant. Among them are, diabetes, prostate cancer and various other diseases, and recently as of March 25, 2010, Parkinson's disease, B cell leukemia and ischemic heart disease have been added to the list. Unfortunately many years later many of us veterans have and will be causalities from the Vietnam War.
Fortunately for myself my service officer in the VFW, Carmen DeSanti, informed me of the VA’s proposal to add the three new diseases that are related to agent orange exposure. Without his dedication to the veterans of this state, many Vietnam veterans, myself included would never had known about the current status of these diseases and what help is available.
In closing I want it known that I am not writing this letter to complain. I am writing this letter in the hope that some of my fellow Vietnam veterans, who are suffering from or who think they may have an illness related to their service in Vietnam, get checked by their doctors and the VA medical facilities and get the proper kind of help needed to treat them.

Stu Richards
Vietnam Veteran

Letter 2 July 25, 2010

Dear Editor:
Recently ,President Obama stated, in reference to easing the regulations for veterans to get compensation for PTSD that, “The country has a "solemn responsibility" to ensure that veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder get the help they need”. As a veteran, I applaud his statement in reference to PTSD, especially for those veterans who suffer now and have suffered from its effects for many years. I hope that he follows through with this “solemn responsibility” and that he, as the Commander in Chief, will not let it fall through the maddening bureaucracy and political wrangling that goes on with the Veterans Administration and Washington politics.
Unfortunately, there is a deeper problem going on in this country right now, the battle over the never ending, long term effects from the exposure to Agent Orange. The Vietnam War ended almost 35 years ago, but for many veterans, battles with disease and other maladies associated with defoliants used in the war are only now beginning. For Vietnam veterans, the realization of the dangers of exposure to Agent Orange can be broken into three segments. First, one is totally unaware of the dangers posed by dioxin-laced defoliants sprayed on us in Vietnam. Then, years later, comes the outrage at the discovery of what harm was done to us while serving in Vietnam. Finally, there is the frustration associated with the bureaucracy that wants to forget vets, and the system that is supposedly set up to help one.
For years, the government dragged its feet in recognizing the connection between wartime service and debilitating diseases that strike Vietnam veterans decades later. The compensation Vietnam veterans now receive for herbicide related illnesses was only gained after years of battling between the distorted views of science and the politics of Washington. Unfortunately , all the while, Vietnam veterans were returning home with an invisible killer that would take years to show itself.
Within the Veterans Administration there is a list of eleven presumptive diseases that the V A records as associated with the effects of being exposed to the defoliants sprayed in Vietnam. Recently, the VA added three new diseases to the list making a total of fourteen diseases. The (VA) has irrefutable facts based on studies made by the Institute of Medicine (IOM ) that proves that Agent Orange exposure causes development of hairy cell leukemia, Parkinson's disease, and ischemic heart disease. For many years, Vietnam veterans suffered and died at an early age from the effects of these diseases caused by Agent Orange.
Being a Vietnam veteran, one gets used to some people, or the government, turning against vets and doing their best to make life miserable. But when one of your own turns against you, it hurts even more. Senator Jim Webb (D), Virginia is just such a person. Webb, a Marine veteran of the Vietnam War, has proposed Senate Amendment 4222 to the Senate Bill (HR 4899) Agent Orange Equity Bill for the payment of compensation to veterans and their spouses for their exposure to Agent Orange. Webb wants to stop the payment on claims filed for these new presumptive Agent Orange diseases so that Congress has more time to “study “the VA decision and examine more closely the link found between these diseases and herbicide exposure . He feels there is no connection between these diseases and Agent Orange. How many more studies need to be made? Do thousands of Vietnam veterans have to die each year before the VA acts on behalf of the vets? And now Senator Webb, who deems himself a medical scientist and the champion of the taxpayer, wants to hurt the affected Vietnam Veterans by stopping the paying of compensation. This nonsense constitutes Washington politics with Webb selfishly serving his own political agenda.
If Webb and others delay this compensation, in a few years, thousands of Vietnam vets will have died from the effects of these diseases and, in the view of Webb, their deaths will save the government millions of dollars. Webb has turned his back on his brothers and sisters from Vietnam for the sake of Washington politics.
To you, Mr. President, Senators and Congressmen, and military leaders of this country, if you don’t want to compensate Vietnam vets for being injured in the war or from the effects of Agent Orange afterwards, think hard about your responsibility in sending us to Vietnam in the first place. I contacted Senator Robert Casey, Senator Arlen Specter and Congressman Tim Holden about this travesty and its effects on the Vietnam veteran. As of this date, I received two reply's from Senator Specter ,a veteran himself, and Senator Casey showing concern. How sad!
I leave you with this solemn reflection. Whatever happened to the duty of our government to care for injured vets, personified in President Lincoln’s affirmation, “To care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and orphan” ?

Stu Richards
Orwigsburg, Pa.
Vietnam Veteran

This is A Letter I Sent to Senator Webb, Democrat, from Virginia who is stabbing the Vietnam Vets who suffer from these diseases in the back. Webb is claiming that these diseases are brought on by poor heath and natural aging., What a bunch of crap.

Senator Webb,
As a Vietnam veteran suffering for years with Ischemic heart disease, that is NOT brought on by normal aging, I want to say that it is apparent from your arrogant tone and recent self- motivated political actions that you obviously and disgracefully fail to support your fellow Vietnam veterans. You are the point person and orchestrator of the supplement to an amendment to the fiscal 2010 war supplemental funding bill (HR 4899) that requests Congress to “study” ( translate: stonewall, impede, frustrate, deny ) the concerns and long-term costs of expanding the list of presumptive illness related to Agent Orange exposure which include Ischemic heart disease, Parkinson's disease and a rare form of leukemia. You feel, as a layperson, that the science is not strong enough to justify Agent Orange as the cause of the above mentioned diseases. Additionally, you lead the effort to thwart the Veterans Administration `s effort to compensate affected veterans and, in doing so, you deny all vets who suffer from these three diseases their justifiable compensation.
Do you have your head in the sand or in the clouds on this issue and are you devoid of sensibility about the horror stories that Agent Orange has wrought on the health of Vietnam vets? I served in Vietnam during the years 70-71. An athlete before going to Vietnam and for a long time after returning, I now suffer with Ischemic heart disease which was identified in my early fifties. How dare you say that these problems are related to common aging! I have been on different medications for heart related issues since my mid twenties. I recently had triple open heart by-bass surgery. And to think this all started just a few years after I returned home from Vietnam!
How could a reasonable and prudent individual with normal intelligence ignore what has been apparent to just about everyone over the last twenty years concerning Agent Orange? With all the studies completed, and you want more? This farce of your additional “study” insults all of us and is a waste of the taxpayer`s money.
Think about this, Mr. Webb, you, a highly decorated Vietnam Veteran as your biography seems to suggest. Over 300 Vietnam War vets die each day, with an average life span that is ten years less than that of the average non-Vietnam Vet. All this because of natural aging, Mr. Webb?
Your arrogance, selfishness, and fecklessness is to an affront and insult to every vet!

All I got to say to you is that you turned your back on your fellow Vietnam veterans for some hidden political agenda. I will do everything in my power to write to Senators, Congressmen, the President , and Veteran organizations regarding your self serving agenda which includes short changing and cheating well deserving vets of rightful compensation . I will write and call fellow veterans in Virginia and my family and friends who live in Virginia and encourage them to vote you out of office. Do you think your fellow veterans will vote for you again? Remember, there are still Vietnam veterans alive and you are a pariah and a disgrace and disappointment to all veterans. Shame on you for your betrayal of vets!

John Stuart Richards


In reading the article in The Republican-Herald printed on Aug. 30, titled "Diabetes now tops Vietnam vets claims," I was angry and dismayed with the way the writer, Mike Baker from the AP, reported this subject.

But being a Vietnam vet has made me much stronger over the years, so I regrouped and decided to address his less than accurate claims. This typical diatribe, filled with inaccuracies, accompanied by his feckless reporting, mirrors the same stereotyping that plagues Vietnam vets since the war ended in 1975.

If people like Mr. Baker cannot attack our honor, our service or our courage, they will try their utmost to write inflammatory articles aimed at undermining the public's sentiment and hence, undermine the important and well-deserved support vets earn.

Recently, the VA passed a regulation that will pay deserving Vietnam veterans compensation for the years of sickness brought about by the effects of exposure to Agent Orange. And now, during times of national economic distress facing this country, some feel it is an opportunity to try and stop these deserving payments by writing inflammatory articles that are baseless in fact, such as Mr. Bakers'.

A fellow Vietnam vet and brother suffering from the effects of Agent Orange recently wrote the following in reply to Mr. Baker's article:

"There have been pros and cons on this war since the '60s and we Vietnam vets don't really care. These are the things we do know. We went to Vietnam and we did our job. We came home. Some of us got sick with these presumptive diseases at an early age. The government has said there is a chance that our poor health may have been caused by Agent Orange.

"They also say they want to pay us for our disabilities. We didn't ask for any of this. We didn't ask to go to Vietnam; we didn't ask to get sick. We didn't blame our sicknesses on AO, and we didn't beg for money because of it. We didn't make the rules that sent us there; we just played by their rules. That's what we will do now, we will play by the rules. For those of you in the world who think the rules are wrong, then change them. The one thing we as Vietnam veterans want to say to the naysayers is just leave us alone. We didn't make any of these decisions; they are made by the government, not us.

"Mr. Baker and the rest of the anti-veteran establishment, how about getting off our backs and after 40-plus years just say 'THANK YOU' and 'WELCOME HOME.' "

I echo the words of my fellow vet. When you or Mr. Baker see one of us Vietnam vets, just say "Thank you" and "Welcome home."

Stu Richards


Vietnam veteran

Monday, July 26, 2010


Listed below are a series of monthly reports, descriptive lists and letters from Company C, 96th P.V.I. that I copied at the Historical Society of Schuylkill County, Somebody may find this info useful.


The 96th P.V.I. was raised in Schuylkill County Pennsylvania in August 1861, and served for three years mustering out of service in September 1864.
This is a survey of one company in the regiment their muster rolls, daily reports, ordnance returns and clothing lists. Also all pertinent letters pertaining to the company.
The company in the Civil War unit was considered as any group of 50-100 soldiers commanded by a Captain or Lieutenant. 10 of these made up a regiment, lettered from A thru K (not using the letter J). Each company was subdivided into 4 squads commanded by a sergeant or a corporal. These units also had names attached that had a local influence such as "The Good Intent Light Artillery" the name of company C. Named because the Captain who raised the unit was a member of the pre-war militia unit known by that name.
Company C 96th P.V.I. had its origins from the Good Intent Fire Company of Pottsville, enlisting over 23 men from this organization. A committee from the fire company headed by I.E. Severn, Samuel Russell, William Lessig, William B. Severn and Geo. Foltz men who will play an important part in the make up of company C. The men at this time had a small cannon cast for them by a Mr. Snyder of Pottsville, they used this cannon for target practice and paraded it every where they went. This cannon was taken with the boys when they enlisted in the 96th. The cannon stayed with them for several months and was finally turned over to a Massachusetts light battery where it remained for the rest of the war. The men from company C would look for their cannon after the war, but no sign of it was ever heard of again. Their is also a very fine picture of this cannon while the 96th was camped at Camp Northumberland, Virginia with all of the officers of the regiment.
The company became a part of the 96th in mid October when William H. Lessig marched the Good Intent Light Artillery to camp Schuylkill which over looked Pottsville at Lawton's Hill. Company C was the last official company enlisted in the 96th. Also with in eighteen months Lessig would rise to command the Regiment.
Company C would become the color company of the regiment and march to most of its battles in the fore front of the regiment. Many color bearers would fall carrying the flags of the 96th , and most would come from C company.


An Outline Sketch Of The Ninety-Sixth
Pennsylvania Volunteers


They Add Lustre To THe Reputation For Valor
And Bravery Held By Schuylkill's Sons.


Events Described By Those Who Were
Active Participants.

By John T. Boyle
Formerly Captain Of Company D, Ninety-Sixth
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry

The Ninety-Sixth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers was organized by Col. Henry L. Cake, under authority derived directly from the War Department at Washington under the date of August 12, 1861, Pottsville Schuylkill County, was selected as the place of rendevous. A community that furnished two hundred and forty four of the five hundred men of immortal memmory, who on April 18, 1861 as the advance guard of the million soon to follow had been that at defence of the National Capitol. Within a week of the latter date it also placed four other fully armed and equiped companies in the field. While Schuylkill County contributed seventeen Regulary organized commands to various improvised organizations of the three months service, making a grand total of twenty-three companies, five of which had been disciplined as artilleristes nine as riflemen and nine as infantry, with a grand aggregate of 1795 men, made a record not expended in proportion to population to the whole country. The eastern slope of Lawton's Hill an emmince immediately over looking the borough from the south was selected for the encampment and named camp Schuylkill. The firsat men to take posscesion of it was the National Light Infantry a company who's existance dated from the birth of Pottsville, and Captain Edmund McDonald had been the first company in the US to offically over its service and be accepted by the National Goverment. For the war of the rebellion. The company at that time had just returned from a three month service in the twenty-fifth regiment.

In Service And The Officers.

On the 24th of September Captain Peter A. Filbert's company of Pine Grove Sharpshooters arrived and were committed to flank companies. The flank companies were lettered respectfully A-B, almost instantously detachments of men beloning to companies C-E-and F raised. The first two in Schuylkill and Luzerne counties and the later in Schuylkill, appeared on the hill and were assigned their postion. These were followed by company D recruited in Schuylkill, company G recruited in Berks, DAuphin and Schuylkill counties. Company H raised in Schuylkill and Montgomery counties and company K raised in Schuylkill. On the 23d of September the ten companies were mustered into service of the U.S. By Lt Talferro, 2Lt. Fifth Regular Artillery.
Following were the company officers when it started for the front.Col. Henry L. Cake, Lt. Col. Jacob Frick, Major Lewis J. Martin, Adjudant M.E. Richards, Chaplin Re. samuel E. Colt. Sergt. Major John Harlan Jr. Quatermaster Charles Sailor, Quatermaster Sergt. John A. Schwers. Company A Capt. Lamar S. Hay, 1st Lt. William Huntzinger , 2Lt. John A. Sailor; Company B Capt. Peter Filbert, 1st Lt. Ernest Elrich; 2Lt. Levi Huber. Compsany C Captain William Lessig; 1stLt Isaac Severn; 2Lt Samuel R. Russell. Company D Capt. John T. Boyle; 1stLt. Zaccur P. Boyer: 2Lt John T. Hannun; Company E Capt. James Russel; 1stLt. John S. Oberrender; 2Lt. John F. Robbins. Company F Capt. Joseph Anthony; 1stLt John Dougherty; 2dLt. Charles Dougherty. Company G Capt. James M. Douden; 1stLt Arthur S. Festig; 2Lt Jacob W. Haas. Company H Captain Charles D. Hipple; 1stLt Henry royer; 2Lt. William J. Martz. Company I Capt. Isaac Cake; 1stLt Matthew Byrenes; 2Lt. John A. Hennessey. Company K Capt. Richard Budd; 1stLt George G. Boyer; 2Lt. O'Neill Coyle.

Going To The Front

Gov. Curtin came to Pottsville expressly to invest the regiment with its colors, while in camp Col. Cake was absent a good deal on account of political campaigns then in progress and it was under Lt. Col. frick that the bessary camp drill was accomplished. The regiment left Pottsville on the 8thn reaching Washington at 2 A.M. on the 10th and going into quaters named in honor of a railroad superintendant, Camp Wilder. During the next few weeks its postion in Brigade was several times changed. It was first brigaded with the 54th New York, with Col. Cake as the commander. The 96th first arms were the Harpers Ferry Musket, much to the disgust of the men. Here the regiment was the recipient of nearly 200 volumes of Harpers Family Library, procurred through the effects and contributions from the graduates and pupils of a ladies seminary at Pottsville. Nicely arrayed in a portable case they were the means of rescue from many hours of weariness. 2dLt. John A. Hennessy of Cmpany I through favor of Gov. Curtin was discharged at this camp, and on the 3rd of December was mustered into Col. Dodge's Fifty Second regiment as 2Lt. of company E. This loss to the regiment was the Lt's gain in becoming Major of that organization and in that capacity he had the Distingushed honor of first raising the national flag over the ruins of Fort Sumter, repossession Pickney and receiving the surrender of Charleston. He was mustered out a Brevet Col. and Brig. General.

Over The Long Bridge.

It was on the mornig of the 25th that the regiment went over the Long Bridge nto Virgina, and proceeding to Alexandria went into camp Pottsville. Here the regiment took the place of the twenty-Sixth New York, Col. Christian which had been transferred to garrison Fort Ellsworth in Slocum's brigade. The seventh as then arrainged Franklin's Division of the Army Of the Potomac. The other regiments composing the command were the 16th N.Y. Col. thomas Davis, 27th N.Y. Col. Joseph J. Bartolett, 5th Maine Col. N.J. Jackson the other toops composing the division were 1st New York Lincoln cavalry Battery D 2 US Artillery Capt. Plat, Capt Porters BAtt. A First Mass. and Battery A first New Jersey. The infantry consisted of Kearney's brigade 1st, 2d, 3rd, 4th, New Jersey, Newton's brigade 18, 31, 32,New York and the 95th reserves (Gosline Zouaves) it was while at Alexandria that the men were first made acquanted with the mysteries of the long roll which one felt can never be forgotten. It is the buck fever of military experience.

The First Military Execution

On the 31st day of December General Slocum exercised the brigade for the first time since the regiment was attached. On the afternoon of the 13th in the presence of the entire divsion occured the execution of William H. Johnson of company D 1st New York Lincoln Cavalry. He was a native of New Orleans, was captured by a scouting party of the 3rd N.J. was tried and convicted of desertion and shot as an example and warning to others. This was the first military execution that transpired in the army of the Potomac, but not the last.
Military duties absorbed much of the time and brigade drills, dicision and army reviews were frequent. The Harpers Ferry musket was here changed for the Austrian muskets. On the 2d of January the command was mustered for its pay and on the 27th and 28th after the sutler and commissary had squezzed the regiment orange, the men after much growling were paid in gold.

And It Was Love And March

March 15th the division made its first movement as far as Fairfax and on the 15th after fighting the battle of Fort and capturing the quaker guns used there in returned to the vicinity of Alexandria where the troops were ordered to the Peninsula took shipping. Slocums command occupied its old camp Ground until April 4th when with the rest of the divsion it moved to Catletts station as part of McDowells command other arangments having been made on the 11th and the 14th Franklins division was sent to Alexandria and loaded on troop ships and joining the main body in the vicinity of Yorktown.
Young Napolean and his well appointed army of over ninety thousand. It took part on May 7 in the battle of West Point. Shortly after the fight two additional Corps were organized. The fifth provisional consisting of the divsions of Porter and Sykes and the reserve artillery under the command of Fitz John Porter. And the sixth provisional consisting of the division of Franklin and Smith under the command of William B. Franklin. General Slocum was promoted to the command of the first division of Franklins Corps while Col. Bartlett, of the New York 27th was placed in charge of the brigade to the chagrin and annoyance of Col. Cake who out ranked him.

Battle of Gaines Mill.

During the night of the 28th a detail of 350 men from the regiment with a like detail from the seventh Maine under Lt. Col. Price, passing to the front in the direction of Old tavern concealed by trees and undergrowth threw upon Guldins farm within gunshot of the enemies works a three sided redoubt, 400 yards in length, dangerous in postion and formidable in strength. Works that during the 27th and after the detail had been relieved became the scene of a fight known as that of Guldins farm scarcely had the detail joined the regiment in the early morning, when the brigade quartered in the vicinity of Strong Courtney's house was ordered to join the rest of the division and move to the vicinity of Fort Davidson, an earthwork near the south end of "Grapevine" bridge, and take postion on the right of Smith, between Lewis Hill and the Chickahominy, the right resting on the bridge. Scarcely had the postion been attained when the enemy opened with shot and shell and made it very uncomfortable. Here the divison remained in line of battle under a scorching sun, with only the river and the valley between it and Porter's command. The extreme left wjich was held by Robertson's Regular Battery, about 2:30 orders came to Franklin to send his command to the assistance of Porter, who was hard pressed leaving Davidson Fort line under a galling fire, the command railed by Newton's and Taylor's brigade Kearney having been promoted, Bartlett's brigade proceeded by way of Woodbury Bridge, to the scene of battle. Reaching the field about twenty minutes past three army time, which varied according to watches. Passing General St. George Cooke's cavalry and the Aams house the brigade was moved to the right of the line forward of old Cold Harbor, and arrived at the opportune moment when Sykes command (consisting of detachments of the second, third, fourth, tenth, elevent, twelth, fourteenth and the seventeenth regulars under Col. Buchanan and Chapman, and Duryea's and Bendix 5th and 10th new York under Col. Waren. Supporting Weed's, Edwards, and Tiddall Batteries were wavering before overwhelming force of the enemy. The brigade was sent in, regiment by regiment and with the rest of the divison materially aided in extracting Porter's command from impending disaster and covering its withdrawl across the Chickahominy.



605 Natives of Pennsylvania.
10 From other states.
270 Natives of Ireland.
59 Natives of England.
30 Natives of Wales.
60 Natives of German Empire.
10 Natives of France.
6 Natives of Scotland.
2 Natives of Canada.
4 Natives of Bavaria.
1 Each of Austria, Hanover, Poland, Switzerland and the Ocean.


4 Natives of Ireland.
1 Native of England.
1 Native of German Empire.
4 Citizens of Schuylkill County.


282 Miners.
285 Laborers.
102 Iron Workers.
59 Wood Workers.
18 Leather Workers.
16 Cloth workers.
68 Farmers.
48 Railroaders.
21 Teamsters.
11 Students and School boys.
100 Other trades and proffesions.


The officers an editor lawyers, Civil and Mining Engineers, skilled craftsmen, Lumber dealer and Haulers. All had positive religious beliefs. None excepting the Chaplin were members of an active church.


101 Men were Killed.
37 Died of Wounds.
72 Died of Disease 10 Prisoners of War at Camp Parole.
5 Men were discharged by order of Civil Court.
32 Men were discharged on account of Wound's received.
295 Men were discharged on a surgeons certificate.
17 Men were drooped from the rolls.
136 Men deserted.
3 Men were Dis-Honorably discharged.
5 Officers were cashiered.
12 Men were transferred to the regular Army.
10 Men were transferred to the Signal Corps.
29 Men were transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corp.
19 Men were transferred to make up time. (95th P.V.I.)
141 Men mustered out with the Regiment on October 21, 1864.
21 Men were prisoners at muster out.
11 Men were sick in hospital at muster out.
1 Man resigned as an officer.
Total 1,086

The number of men taken prisoner at different times numbered 82, several men were captured twice. A number of men were captured through their own indiscreet acts or those of their officers.
Two officers were dismissed because of circumstances or through bitter personal spite of their commanding officer.


William H Lessig.
Rank: Capt.
Hometown: Pottsville.
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861
M.O. Aug 1864./ Discharged in September 1864.
Muster for April 62-June 62 Absent in Hospital.
Muster for June 62-Aug 62 Returned to duty 9 Aug. Absent from June 6.
Muster for Oct. 62-Feb. 63 Promoted from Capt. to Major 15 Sept. When Major Martin was killed at Crampton's Gap. 14 Sept.
Promoted to major 15 Sept. 1862.
Muster for Aug. 1864 Discharged September.

Isaac E. Severn
Rank: Capt.
Hometown: Pottsville N. Ward.
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Promoted from 1st. Lt. Nov. 1, 1862
Muster for Oct. 31-28 Feb. 1863 Promoted 1st. Lt. to Captain vice Lessig promoted to Major.

Edwin L. Severn
Rank: 1st.Lt.
Hometown: Pottsville N. Ward
Age: 24
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined Company on Sept. 2 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Muster for 31 Oct.-31 Dec. 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for Oct. 62-Feb. 63 Promoted from 1st Sgt. to 2d Lt. 15 Sept. Vice 2d Lt. Russel to 1st.Lt.
Bates: Promoted to Capt. company K March 19, 1864.

Hugh Stevenson
Rank: 1st.Lt
Hometown: Pottsville N. Ward
Age: 22
M.I. Sept. 21, 1861/ Joined company on 9 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864
Muster for Apr. 62-June 62 Absent wounded through the arm in action of 27 June 1862. Gaines Mill, in hospital.
Muster for June 62-Aug. 62 Returned to duty 24 Aug. from U.S.
Hugh Stevenson
Hospital York Pa. Absent 29 June 1862 Wounded at Gaines Mill.
Muster for June 62-Oct.62 Returned to duty 24 Aug. 1862 from U.S. Hospital York Pa. Wounded at Gaines Mill.
Muster for Feb 62-Apr.30, 1862: Promoted from Corporal to 5th Sgt. 13 Apr. 1862.
Muster for Oct. 62-Feb.63 Promoted 4th Sgt. When Fisher to 3rd Sgt.
Promoted March 21, 1864 to 1st.Lt.

Samuel R. Russel
Rank: 2d Lt.
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined Company Sept. 6, 1861.
M.O. October 1864
Muster for 31 Oct. 62-Feb.1863 Promoted from 2Lt. to 1st Lt. 15 September vice Severn to Capt.
Letter Miners Journal: May 1863.
Lieut. Samuel L. Russel of Co. C 96th P.V. was appointed at the request of Co. H Appointed their Capt. in place of Captain Royer resigned. He received his commision as a Capt. on the field, May 2, and had command of company H (Which Suffered most severly) in all subsquent battles near Fredricksburg.
Russel wrote numerous letters about their engaments as a member of Co. C.

Alexander Allison
Rank: 2d Lt.
Hometown: Port Carbon.
Age: 22
M.I. 23 Sept. 1861/ Joined the company on Sept. 7, 1861.
M.O. Died from wounds received at Salem Church Va. May 3 1863.
Died May 5, 1863/ Buried at Fredericksburg National Cem.
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862: Absent at U.S. General Hospital Fredrick Md. Wounded in action Crampton"s Gap 14 Sept.
Muster for 31 Oct.-31 Dec. 1862 Returned from Regt. Hospital Fredrick Md. 25 Dec. 1862 Wounded in action at Crampton's Gap Md. 14 Sept. 1862
Muster for Oct. 1862-Feb. 1863 Promoted to 1st. Sgt. 15 Sept. vice Severen to 2d Lt.
Article Miners Journal May 1863:
We regret to learn of the death of Lieut. Alexander Allison, of Company C, 96th Reg. P.V. which occured May 5th at Acquia Creek hospital, from the effects of a wound recieved while in action at Salem Heights, near Fredricksburg, on the 3d of May. Lieut. Allison served during the three months service in the 6th regiment, under Col Nagle. After their return he enlisted in the 96th Regiment. and was in all the engagements on the
Alexander Allison
Peninsula and before Richmond. He was severly wounded at the storming of Crampton"s Pass. In the late attack at Fredricksburg while the regiment was in line, and under severe fire from the enemies batteries, he recieved his commiission as 2d Lieutenant of his company. He was with the regiment in its gallant charge on the 3d May, by which an important position was gained, and on the same day in the terrible encounter in the woods near Salem Church, he received a ball in his right side, causing a mortal wound. His brother, corporal John Allison of the same company, was killed in the same action. This company is commanded by I.E. Severn, and suffered severely in this engagement. Out of twenty two men including officers, who went into action, one officer and three privates were killed, and five wounded. The death of Lieut. Allison and his brother is deeply regretted. Their kind dispostions and fine soldierly qualities made many warm friends who mourn their loss. At the time they enlisted they both resided in Port Carbon with their mother, who still has two sons in the service.


James B. Oliver
Rank: 1st Sgt.
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 22
M.I. Sept 23, 1861/ Joined the company 13 Sept. 1862
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862 Promoted to Corp. to Sgt. 10 Oct. 1862.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Dec. 1863 Promoted to 5th Sgt. vice Stevenson to 3d Sgt. 15 Sept. 1862.
Wounded right leg, not sever Crampton's Pass Sept. 14.

William Buckley
Rank: 1st. Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward.
Age: 29
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company on 6 Sept. 1861
M.O. Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate, Jan 5, 1863
Muster for June 1862-Aug. 1862 Absent sick since 8 Aug at U.S. Hospital Phila.
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862 Dropped from the rolls 10 Oct. 1862 as per order G.O. 162.

Henry Fisher
Rank: 1st.Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward.
Age. 35
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company 2 Sept. 1862.
M.O. Aug. 1864/ Discharged 15 Mar 1864 for wounds received 3 May 1863/ discharged at Washington .
Promoted from the ranks to Corporal 30 Dec. 1861.
Muster for Feb.-April 1862 Promoted from 5th Corp. to 4th Sgt 13 April 1862.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Feb 1863 Promoted to 3d Sgt. when Allison to 1st, Sgt.
Discharged March 14 1863 for wounds recevied at Chancellorsville, Va. May 3 1863.
From the Pottsville Guards Constitution of the Pottsville Guards.
Pottsville Schuylkill County Pa. 1st Sgt. Co. C, Capt. I.E. Severn 96th PA. Vol. Volunteered Sept. 2 1861 for 3 years. Discharged from the service at Armoury Square Hospital Washington May 15 1864. Gun shot wound of the right thigh recieved at the Henry Fisher
Battle of Salem Church Va. May 3 1863.

George W. Foltz
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 21
M.I. Sept. 23 1861/ Joined the company on Sept.2, 1861
M.O. Oct. 21 1864.
Muster for Dec.1861-Feb 1862 reduced from corp. to the ranks 30 Dec. 1862.
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862 Promoted from Pvt. to Corp. 17 Sept. 1862
Bates: Promoted from Corporal May 5 1863.
Article Concerning the colors in the Schuylkill County Pub.
Transfer of the Colors.

Charles Bast
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville.
Age: 28
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company on 12 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862 Absent at Hospital Fredrick Md. wounded in action Crampton's Pass 1862 Sept. 14
Muster for Oct.-Dec 1862 returned to the regiment from Hospital Fredrick Md. 25 Dec. 1862.
Bates: Promoted to Corp. May 1 1863. to Sgt. Mar. 24, 1864.

Thomas Garis
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 22
M.I. Sept 21, 1861/ Joined the company 11 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864.
Bates: Promoted from Private to Corp. 10 April 1864
Promoted from Corp. to Sgt. 10, May 1864
Listed as a Sgt. on the muster out Roll.
From January 1863 thru August 1864 Thomas Garis was issued:
3 Forage Caps. 11 Pairs of Bootees.
1 Dress coat 16 Pair of socks.
3 Sack coats 1 Blanket.
4 Pair of Pants/ 1 pair of mounted trousers.
2 Shirts
9 Drawers
Sgt. Garris also was issued:
1 Musket/ .577 British Enfield.
1 Bayonet
1 Scabbard/ Cartridge Box/ Cartridge Box Plate/ Waist Belt.
1 Waist Belt Plate
2 Cap Boxes/ one returned from worn out.
1 Gun sling/ tompion/ Coat straps
3 Haversacks/ one returned for worn out.
3 Canteens
3 ½ shelter halfs/ one returned for worn out.
It is interesting to note that Garris was never issued in 1863 a cartridge box belt or plate, indicating that he wore his cartridge box on his waist belt.

Charles Fisher
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville N.Ward
Age: 20
Charles Fisher

M.I. Nov. 8 1861/ Joined the company on the 8th of Nov. 1861
M.O. Sept. 22 1864 with 96th Battalion/ 95th P.V.I.
On Sept. 22 1864 transferred to 96th Batalion S.O./ HQ 6th Army Corps top serve out time.
Bates: Promoted to Corp. March 5 1864-to Sgt. May 10 1864.

David Williams
Rank: Sgt
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 24
M.I. Sept. 23 1861/ Joined the company 13 Sept. 1861
M.O. Transferred to 96th Batalion 22 Sept. 1864
Muster for Oct. 1862-Feb 1863 Promoted to Corp when Oliver to 4th Sgt./ 15 Sept. 1862
Bates: Has the man as Missing in action Spotsylvania Court House May 10, 1864.

William Friest
Rank: Sgt.
Age: 21
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861
M.O. Killed in action Salem Church May 3 1863.
Promoted to Sgt May 1 1863 from corporal.
Buried in Fredricksburg National Cem.

Henry Stubblebine
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville N. Ward
Age: 20
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company on Sept. 11, 1861
M.O. Died on June 2, 1863 from wounds recieved in action at Salem Church, Va. May 3 1863
From Wallaces; Died in Washington, June 2 1863 of wounds recieved in action at Salem Heights, Va. May 3 1863

Louis A. Bruns
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Pottsville
Louis A. Bruns

Age: 31
M.I. Sept. 23, 1863/ Joined 5 Sept. 1861
M.O. Killed in the battle of the Wilderness May 5, 1864.
Muster for Feb.-Apr 1862 Reduced from 4thSgt. to ranks 13 Apr. 1862 and detailed as an Ambulance driver 15 April 1862 at Div. HQ.
Muster for Apr. 1862-June 1862 Detailed as ambulance driver 15 Sept. 1862
Muster for June-Aug. 1862 Detailed as Ambulance driver.
Muster for Oct.-Dec./Oct.-Feb 1863/ Detailed as ambulance driver.

Samuel J. Fisher
Rank: Sgt.
Hometown: Cressona
Age: 19
M.I. Sept 23. 1861/ Joined the company 23 Sept. 1861
M.O. Killed at Spottsylvania Court House Va. May 10 1864.
I.E. Severn in his diary noted that Samuel Fisher was found shot in the head. Samuel was killed while charging the rebel works at the Mule Shoe.

Gabriel Schollenberger
Rank: Quater Master Sgt.
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 26
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company 7 Sept. 1861.
M.O. August 1864/ Transferred to NCI
Muster for Feb.-Apr 1862 Promoted from the ranks to Corp. 13 April 1862.
Muster for Oct.-Dec. 1862 Transferred to regimental Q.M. Sgt. Non. Com. Staff.
Appointed regimental Q.M. 15 July 1862.
By order of Col. Cake.

Edward J. Phillips
Rank: Sgt. Major
Hometown: Middleport
Age: 18
M.I. 23 September 1861/ joined 22 September 1861
M.O. October 1864
Muster for October 1862-February 1863 Appointed Sgt. Major Vice Dengle discharged, Capt. Lessig commanding. 21 January 1863
Promoted from Private to Sgt. Major

The Corporals.

Reuben Rishel
Rank: Corp.
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward
Age: 22
M.I. Sept. 23 1861/ Joined 22 Sept. 1861
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864
Bates: Promoted to Corporal May 10, 1863/
After the casualties of May 3d fight at Salem Church.

John Paul
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward
Age: 21
M.I. Sept 23, 1861/ Joined the company 16 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Oct. 21, 1864
Promoted to Corp. May 10, 1863. Promoted after the fight at Salem Church.

John Simpson Jr.
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 20
M.I. Sept 23, 1861/ Joined the company Sept. 23, 1861
M.O. Oct. 21 1864
Promoted to Corporal May 10, 1863.

Frank Knittle
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 22
M.I. Sept 23, 1861/ Joined the company 11 Sept. 1861
M.O. Oct. 21 1864
Promoted to Corporal 10 May 1863.
Promoted afterthe battle at Salem church.

George W. Holden
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Port Carbon./ Laborer
Age: 23
George Holden

M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company 23 Sept. 1861
M.O. Dec. 30 1862. Surgeons Certificate.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Listed him as absent sick.
Muster out roll of Aug. 1864 Discharged.
He Died Dec 5, 1911

Thomas Oliver
Rank: Corporal/ Color Corporal.
Hometown: Port Carbon
M.I. Sept. 23 1861/ Joined the company 21 Sept. 1861
M.O. Feb. 25 1863 for wounds recieved at Crampton's Pass Sept. 14, 1862.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Dec. 1862 Absent at Hospital Fredrick Md. Wounded in action Crampton's Pass.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Feb. 1863 (Same as above)
See story of Crasmpton's Pass fight.

David E. Rishel
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 28
M.I. Sept. 23, 1861/ Joined the company Sept. 12, 1861
M.O. Jan. 16, 1864 for wounds received at Salem Church May 3, 1863.
Muster for June 1862-Aug. 1862 Detailed for recruiting service Aug. 8.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Dec. 1862 Detached for recruiting.
Muster for June 1862-Oct. 1862 Detached for recruiting.
Miners Journal: May 1863
A letter from Washington states that David E. Rishel of the 96th P.V. is in Mount Pleasant Hospital. In the late battle he received a flesh wound in the back. He is now walking about the hospital, is comfortable and in good spirits.

Henry Roth
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Drums Pa.
Age: 20
M.I. 23 Sept. 1861/ Joined the company 21 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Oct. 21 1864
Data: Transfewrred to company E April 14, 1864
Muster for Aug. 1864: transferred to company E 14 April 1864
by orders of war dept. Now a Veteran assigned to Company C.

Arthur Brannegan
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward
Age: 24
M.I. Nov. 7, 1861/ Joined the company Nov. 7, 1861
M.O. Nov. 8, 1864
Wounded at Crampton's Gap Sept 14, 1862
Muster Out Roll for Aug. 1864/ Transferred to 96th Battalion to serve out time.

John Allison
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 21
M.I. Sept. 23, 1981/ Joined 4 Sept. 1861.
M.O. Killed in Action at Salem Church, May 3 1863
See data on Salem Church fight.
See data on Alexander Allison/ Miners Journal article.

William Madara
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward.
Age: 21
M.I. November 8, 1861/ Joined November 8 1861.
M.O. Killed in action Salem Church, May 3, 1863.
Promoted to Corporal on May 1, 1863. Leter from pension file states Madara was shot between the eyes and through the head.
See battle narrative for Salem Church.

George Delkar
Rank: Corporal
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 21
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined the company 6 September, 1861
M.O. Killed at Spotsylvania Court House.
Delkar was killed in the assault on the mule shoe salient, on the 10, 0f May 1864. During this assault the regiment was in the fore front of an all out attack. I.E. Severn stated in his diary that Delkar was shot in the right breast.
See. I.E. Severn's 1864 diary.


John Alles
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Potsville
Age: 31
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 15, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
U.S. Govt. owed him 50¢ for clothing at discharge.
He was paid to June of 1864/ $ 100.00 bounty was due him.

John Allen
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 38
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 20, 1861
M.O. Discharged on a Surgeon's Certoificate Jan 14, 1863.
Muster for June 1962-August 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Absent sick
Muster for October 1862-Feburary 1863/Discharged January 15, 1863, at White Oak C.H.
M.O. roll discharged 14 Jan. 1863

Joseph Ashworth
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville.
Age: 25
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861
M.O. March 23, 1863/ Surgeon's Certificate.
Muster for June through December 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for February 1863 Absent sick.
M.O. roll 1864 states he was discharged at Alexandria, Va.
15 March 1863.

Louis Bocam
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 39
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined the company 11 September 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
He was due $ 26.00 for clothing and a $100.00 bounty.
He was last paid in June 1864

John Billy
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 26
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 5 1861.
M.O. June 14, 1865
Billy was taken prisoner at Charleston Va. on 21 August 1864
and was returned on February 21, 1865.
On the 21 of August the regiment was on pickett duty, and the advanceing rebels attack them, capturing
$ 100.00 bounty due him.
$ 14.48 due him for clothing.

William Beadle
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 23
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 11, 1861
M.O. Missing at Spotsyvania C.H. 10 May 1864.
Bates states missing at Spotsylvania C.H. 10 May 1864
See I.E. Severn 1864 diary listing.

Joseph Beadle
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 26
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined
M.O. March 1, 1862 on Surgeon's Certificate.
Muster for February 1862-April 1862 shows him at Camp North for disability.

Sylvanus Bishop
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 22
M.I. November 8, 1861/ Joined November 8, 1861
M.O. October 27, 1864 died at Andersonville prison.
M.O. roll for August 1864 states he was taken prisoner at Centerville Va, on October 16, 1863. And was dropped in error was listed as a deserter.
No listing of the reason why he was captured, nothing of major importance occured on the 16th of October.
From a letter written by I.E. Severn about his capture.
HQrs. 96th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Private Sylvanus Bishop Co. C 96th Penna. Vol. was detailed as company mail carrier- on the 16th of October 63 while the regiment was camped at Centerville- on mail having been missed for several days he proceeded toward Fairfax in search of it, not returning and nothing be heard of him he was reported as a deseter. From letters receveid by his family and Captain he was taken prisoner by guerrillas on the 15th of October 1863 who made a sudden dash inside our lines and carried off several men and officers.
James Boyd
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 25
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined
M.O. January 30, 1862/ on Surgeon's Certificate.
Discharged for disibilty at Camp Northumberland Va.
30 January, 1862.

John W. Balliet
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville SE Ward
Age: 23
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 17, 1861
M.O. July 20, 1862 on Surgeon's Certificate
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 states discharged July 20, 1862 at Camp Nugent near Harrisons Landing.

William Brennen
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Potsville SE Ward
Age; 45
M.I. November 8, 1861/ Joined November 8, 1861
M.O. January 14, 1863 Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate.
Discharged January 15, 1863 at White Oak Church.

Washington Bryan
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 22
M.I. September 30, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Was transferred to company G on 21, August 1864./M.O. roll Aug. 1864.

Frank Brennen
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 28
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 21, 1861
M.O. DESERTED November 7, 1861

John J. Crosland
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville NW Ward.
Age: 25
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined the company September 20, 1861.
M.O. October 21, 1864
Goverment owed him $ 25.28 for clothing./ $ 100.00 bounty due him.
Last Paid in June 1864.

Martin Curry
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward
Age: 22
M.I. September 23, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Joined from the Hospital York Pa. August 14.
Goverment owes $ 13.45 for clothing./ $ 100.00 bounty due.

John W. F. Curry
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward
Age: 22
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined the company September 3, 1861
M.O. October 1864
Detached to the Signal Corps December 25 1861.
Remained with the signal corps thru 1863 by Gen. Order 358.

Martin Carey
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 28
M.I. October 1, 1861/ Joined October 1, 1861
M.O. October 18, 1864 transfered to the 96th Battalion, 95th PVI to Company E.
April 23, 1864
Special Orders No. 44
Upon the recommendation of the regimental commander. The following named enlisted men are here by restored to duty without trial, upon condtions that they forfeit to the United States all pay and allowances during theoir absence, make good the time lost by desertion, and re-imburse the Goverment whatever expenses may have been incurred in their apprehension:

Private Martin Carey Co. C 96th Penna. Vol.
"left hospital 26 oct. returned to regiment 3 March 64 to make up 16 months and 30 days."
By Command of
Brig. Gen. D.A. Russel
H.q. Brig. 1st. Div. 6th Corps.
April 23 1864.

Daniel Christian
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 19
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined the company September 23, 1861
M.O. DESERTED November 8, 1861 at Camp Pottsville

Nicholas Dindorff
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 44
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 23, 1861
M.O. January 30, 1862
Dindorff was discharged for disabilty while at Camp Northumberland.
Discharged on Surgeon"s Certificate.

William Davenport
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
Age: 41
M.I. November 6, 1861
M.O. March 1, 1862/ Disabilty
Soldier was discharged on a surgeon's Certificate for disability
March 1, 1862 at Camp Northumberland.
Muster for February 1862-April 1862 on rolls as discharged.

David Davis
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Mahony City
Age: 28
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined
M.O. June 17, 1862/ Disabilty
Muster listed him as discharged June 17, 1862 at Camp Sailor in the field near Richmond.
Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate.

John Davis
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville ?
M.I. September 23, 1861
M.O. Killed May 12, 1864 at Spotsylvania C.H.
Muster for April 1862-June 1862 Lists him as absent missing since Gaines Mill action 29 June.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Returned to duty, was taken prisoner and exchanged at Gaines Mill.
I.E. Severn lists him as Shot in the Head at Spotsylvania C.H.
Lists him as buried in Wilderness Burial Ground.-Vet.

John Evans
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pittsburg
Age: 28
M.I. March 25, 1864
M.O. Transferred to 96th Battalion/ 95th PVI
Transferred to Company E October 18, 1864. 95th PVI.

Jacob F. Epting
Rank: Pvt.
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward
Age: 24
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 5, 1861
M.O. July 1, 1865/ By General Order
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 list the soldier as dropped from the rolls.
Lists the soldiers as having deserted September 17, 1862
Private Jacob F. Epting alias John Gilbert, Co. C 96th Penn. Vols. on the following charges:
Charge 1 "Desertion"
Specification: In This the said private Jacob F. Epting, alias John J. Gilbert Co. "C" 96th Having been duly enlisted in the Military Service of the United States and having been admitted in Hospital, did without proper authority absent himself from Hospital and so remain until apprehended at or near Philadelphia, Pa. on or about the 14th August, 1863 this at or near Middletown, Md. sometime during the month of September, 1862.
Specification: 2d, " In this; that the said Private Jacob Epting alias John J. Gilbert, Co. C 96th Regt. Pa. Vol. having been arrested and sent to Camp Distribution, Va. did again desert and remain absent until apprehended near Yorktown, Va. sometime during or about the month of March, 1864. This at or near Camp Distribution, Va. on or about the 12th day of January 1864.
Charge: Violation of the second article of War.
Specification: 1st.- Did absent himself from Hospital and re-enlist in the 3rd Penna Heavy Artillery. This at or near Philadelphia, Pa. on or about the 1st day of March 1863.
Specification: 2d- Having been sent to Camp Distribution, Va. did again desert and re-enlist in the 16th N.Y.H. Artillery under the assumed name of John J. Gilbert, this at or near New York, on or about the 25th day of January 1864.
To which charges and specifications the prisoner Jacob Epting, alias John J. Gilbert pleated "Guilty"
The court maturely considered the evidence entered finds the prisoner Jacob Epting alias John J. Gilbert, Co. C 96th Vols. as follows:
Of the 1st specification, 1st Charge, "Guilty"
Of the 2d specification, 1st Charge, "Guilty"
Of the 1st. Charge, "Guilty"
Of the 1st specification, 2d Charge, "Guilty"
Of the 2d specification, 2d Charge, "Guilty"
Of the 2d Charge, "Guilty"
The court does therefore sentence him private Jacob F. Epting alias John J. Gilbert, Co. C 96th Pa. Vols. to be dishonorably discharged the military service of the United States, with loss of all pay and allowances now due, or may be come due and to be confined at hard labor at Fort Delaware or such other place as the commanding general may direct for the period of three years with a twenty five pound ball and chain of the usual size
and length attached to his left leg during the first year of his confinement.

George W. Farrell
Rank: Private
Hometown: Schuylkill Haven/ Pottsville
Age: 47
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 20, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
George was the oldest man serving in the company, and amazing enough he remained with the company for the full enlistment.
In I.E. Severn's diary for May 9th entry he listed Farrel as missing since Chancellorsville.
On Muster Out, he was due $ 2.68 for clothing.
and $ 100.00 for bounty.

John Frazier
Rank: Private.
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward.
Age: 34
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined 22 September 1861.
M.O. January 15, 1863/ On surgeon's certificate.
Muster for October-December 1862 Absent at U.S. Hospital Fredrick Md. wounded in action at Crampton's Gap September 14, 1862.
Muster for June -October 1862 same as above.
Muster for October 1862 - February 1863 discharged for disability
Muster out roll August 1864/ Discharged 15 January 1863 Washington DC.

Charles C. Fox
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward
M.I. March 1, 1862/ Joined March 1, 1862
M.O. Transferred September 22, 1864
Transferred to Company E 95th /96th Battalion.
He was recruited while in camp Northumberland.

George K. Fry
Rank: Private
M.I. September 17, 1862
M.O. Transferred September 22, 1864
He joined the regiment at Harrisburg, Pa. mustered in by Lieut. Boyer at the Harrisburg recruit depot.
Transferred to Co. E 95th /96th Battalion.

Henry Groatman
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville N Ward
Age: 21
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 8, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Goverment owed Groatman $ 16.19 for clothing/ $ 100.00 for bounty.

William Hay
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville/ Palo Alto
Age: 39
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined 11, September 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Goverment Owed him $ 3.65 for clothing/ $ 100.00 for bounty.
From September 1863 thru September 1864 he was issued:
2 Forage caps/ Sack coats/ shirts/
3 Pair of trousers
5 Pair of shoes/ bootes.
6 Pair of socks.
1 musket/ bayonet/ scabbard/ cartridge box/ cartridge box plate/waist belt/ waist belt plate/ cap box/ gun sling/
3 Knapsacks/ 1 was returned.
3 Coat straps
William Hay
4 Haversacks/ 1 returned
3 Canteens/ 1 returned
2 ½ shelter tents/ 1 returned.
Hay was reissued alll items on June 9, after stay in hospital.
Hay also was noted as not being issued a cartridge box belt, so it can be assumed he wore his cartridge box on his waist belt.

John Hartman
Rank: Private
Hometown: Norweigan Township.
Age: 34
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined 16 September 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
I.E. Severn's diary states he was wounded in the leg at Spottsylvania Court House, Va. May 10, 1864.
Goverment owed him $ 5.89 for clothing and $ 100.00 bounty.
From January 1863 thru September 1864 he was issued:
1 Dress coat/ Sack coat/ Shirt
2 Pair of pants/ Pair of drawers/ pair of shoes, bootees/
10 Pair of socks.
He was also issued:
1 Musket/ Bayonet/ Scabbard/ Cartridge box/ Cartridge box plate/
Cartridge box belt/ Waist belt/ Waist belt plate/ Cap box/Gun sling/ Knapsack/ Haversack/ Canteen/ ½ shelter half.
March 1863 issued ½ shelter tent.
June 1863 issued 1 gun sling
November 1863 issued ½ shelter tent.
March 1864 issued 1 Knapsack.
Hartman chose to wear his cartridge box on the cartridge box belt, without the plate.

Thomas Hilton
Rank: Private
Hometown: Mahony City.
Age: 29
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 6, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Was promoted from the ranks 8 November to Corp. / was only a private at muster out.
Muster for October 1862-December 1862. Absent at U.S. Hospital Fredrick MD. Wounded at Crampto's Gap 14 September 1862.
Detailed as a fifer March 17, 1863.

Joseph Hober
Rank: Private
Hometown: Schuylkill Township
Age: 45
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 16, 1861
M.O. September 30, 1862
Muster for April 1862-June 1862 Missing since June 27, 1862 at Gaines Mill.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Absent sick in hospital/ taken prisoner at Gaines Mill and exchanged.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Discharged U.S. Gen. Hospital Philadelphia, September 20, 1862 for disability.

Henry H. Hanley
Rank: Private/ Teamster
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 44
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 7, 1861
M.O. November 10, 1862
Discharged on November 10, 1862 on Surgeon's Certificate.
Wallaces states he died on December 1862. Of disease.
Miners Journal States:
Henry Hanley died on Wednesday last, Mr. Hanley was a member of Co. C 96th Regt. and was intered.

James Hill
Rank: Private
Age: 27
M.I. October 15, 1862/ Joined October 15, 1862
M.O. April 21, 1864
Transferred to Co. G, non vet temporarly assignred to Co. C

John W. Hall
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 41
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 11, 1861
M.O. August 1, 1862/ Died
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Died August 1, 1862 at Camp Nugent near Harrison's Landing, Va. from disease

Brian Haley
Rank: Private
Age: 24
M.I. September 21, 1861/ Joined September 11, 1861
Was wounded at Gaines Mill June 27, 1862/ From Wallaces.
Deserted March 1, 1863
From January and February 1863 Clothing list:
He was issued:
1 Forage cap/ Sack coat/ pair of Pants/ Shirt/ Shoes/
2 Pair of socks.
All arms and equipment were not listed, listed as deserted.

James Jennings
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville S Ward
Age: 28
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 9, 1861
M.O. August 22, 1862
Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate, August 22, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for June 1962-October 1862, Discharged at U.S. Hospital Annapolis Md. For disability.

Jenkins Jones
Rank: Private
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 29
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 7, 1861
M.O. February 25, 1863
Musters for June thru Feb. 1863 absent sick.
Discharged at Washington DC.

Joseph J. Jones
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pittsburg
Age: 31
M.I. March 25, 1864/ Joined same.
M.O. October 18, 1864
Transferred to company E 95th
Transferred to 96th Battalion on the 22 September 1864.

Christopher P. Kane
Rank: Private
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 22
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 15, 1861
M.O. January 23, 1865
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for June 1862-October 22, 1862 Absent at US Hospital Frederick Md. Wounded in action Crampton's Gap
Muster out roll states Taken prisoner at White PLains Va. 25 July 1863 dropped in error as a deserter.
Due him from the Government. $56.54 for clothing/ $100.00 bounty.

From a letter written by I.E. Severn, about Kanes Capture.
Hd. Qrs. 96th Regt. Penna Vol.
I have the honor to make the following statement and request that the men named may be taken up on the company rolls without trial. Private Christopher Kane Co. C 96th Regt. Penna.Vols. On the 25th July 63 the regiment was in camp at White Plains Va. and a night move toward near Baltimore - In the afternoon Kane received permission from his Capt. to go to a creek within the limits of the brigade for the purpose of washing his clothing, not returning and nothing being heard from him- at the time of making up the rolls for July-August he was dropped as a deserter-it has since appeared for the witness of private
Harry Groatman of the same company taken prisoner about the same time and exchanged in October, now with the regiment and from letters received by his Captain and members of his family that he was captured by guerrillas on the 25th of July and was sent to Richmond and remains there a prisoner of war at this time.
April 1, 1864
Kane wrote a letter to th Miners Journal on December 3, 1864 about who he was captured with and what prisons he was held in. He was confined first in Libby prison, Next at Belle Isle, next at Castle Thunder and afterwards at Andersonville. His health was good during his imprisonment.
Editors Miners Journal: Oblige a returned prisoner, a member of the 96th Regt. P.V. by inserting this in the column of your paper. I have been a prisoner for sixteen months, and been in all the rebel hells in the confederacy. There were twenty three captured members of the Regiment at Andersonville when I left. All of the names I do not know. The following are those I Know:
S. Bishop, Co. C; E Pritchard and M Larkin Co. A; T. Prosser, D. R. Erdman and D. Engle of Co. H; A. Sandy and D. Williams, and E Hardman of Co. G and Maddox, of Co. F. The deaths have been: A Wike, Co.B died June 30, 1864; J. Bonsinger, Co.E died July 15, 1864, and S. Bishopp, Co. C, died October 22, 1864. The following are here in camp; E. Gearing, Co.G and J. Devitt, Co. I there are several more whose names I do not know.
We learn that Wike and Bensinger died in Savannah, and that Bishop died in Andersonville.

Kane drew clothing for 7 months of 1863
1 Sack coat/ pr. shoes
2 Pr. trousers/ shirts/ drawers/
6 Socks.

He lost:
1 Knapsack/ Haversack/ canteen/ ½ shelter tent
2 Coat straps.

William Kind
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 41
M.I. September 23, 1861 /Joined September 13, 1861
M.O. July 25, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862, discharged 20 July at Camp Nugent near Harrison Land Va, discharge and final statement given.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Discharged 25 July 1862. Was discharged on a surgeon's certificate. July 25, 1862.
Wallace’s states he died of disease August 2, 1862

David Kuhns
Rank: Private
Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 44
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 13, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1862
Muster for April 1862-June 1862 Absent wounded in the arm and leg by a ball passing through. In hospital June 27, 1862 afyter fight at Gaines Mill.
Muster for June 1862- August 1862 Absent at U.S. Hospital Baltimore, wounded and taken prisoner.
Discharged at U.S. General Hospital Camden Baltimore, October 21, 1862 on a Surgeon's certificate.

James Lafferty
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age 43
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 15, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
The second oldest soldier in the company.
He was owed $1.89 for clothing and $100.00 for bounty, on muster out.

Eugene Lynch
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
M.I. September 23, 1861
M.O. July 1, 1863
Transferred to veteran reserve corps.

Adolph Lutz
Rank: Private
Hometown: Ashland
M.I. February 15, 1862
M.O. October 18, 1864
Muster for February 1862-April 1862 list him as coming from the recruiting depot Harrisburg, joined the company at Camp Northumberland. March 5, 1862.
Bates listed him as transferred to company E 95th Pa.
I.E. Severn diary listed him as wounded in the hand May 12, 1864 at the Wilderness, battle.
Transferred to the 96th battalion September 22, 1864.

George Lieb
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 21, 1861
M.O. November 7, 1861
Deserted at Camp Pottsville on Lawton's Hill.

William Miller
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville/ Sch Haven
Age: 24
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 11, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Mustered out with the company was owed $4.18 for clothing, and was last paid in June.

Francis Matz
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 18
M.I. September 23, 1861
M.O. June 17, 1862
Muster for April 1862-June 1862 states he was discharged in the field at Camp Sailor near Richmond, on a surgeon's certificate.

William Mayberry
Rank: Private
Hometown: Drums
Age: 29
M.I. September 23, 1861/Joined September 21, 1861
M.O. April 14, 1864
Was detailed as the Brigade blacksmith on May 7, 1862.
Transferred to Company E April 14,1864.
August 1864 was transferred to company C.

Andrew Martin
Rank: Private
Hometown: Ashland
M.I. February 19, 1864
M.O. August 6, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 states he died at camp Nugent Near Harrisons Landing Va. August 6, 1862.
Muster for February 1862-April 1862 states he enlisted to 6 days sub furnished by himself since muster into service. Lt Fernsler R.O.(Recruiting Officer) from recruiting station Harrisburg, joined March 5, 1862.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 same as above.
History of Schuylkill County states he died of disease.

William Millens
Rank: Private
Hometown: St. Clair
Age: 40
M.I. September 23, 1861
M.O. September 15, 1862
Deserted September 15, 1862
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 states he was absent sick.
Muster for October 1862-February 1863 states he was absent sick.

John McCaffery
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville SE Ward
M.I. November 8, 1861
M.O. August 7, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 states he was discharged August 7, 1862 at Camp Nugent near Harrison’s Landing Va. on a surgeon's

John Nimelton
Rank. Private.
Hometown. Pottsville.
Age: 23
M.I. 16 September 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861.
M.O. July 25, 1862
Muster for June 62-Aug.62 Discharged 25 July at Camp Nugent Near Harrison’s Landing Va. On Surgeons Certificate.

John Noble
Rank. Private
Hometown: Pottsville/ Palo Alto.
Age: 35
M.I. 14 September 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861
M.O. October 31, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862-Absent sick.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Dec. 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for Oct. 1862-Feb. 1862 Absent sick.
Discharged October 31, 1862 at Washington D.C.

Hugh O'Brien
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville.
M.I. June 7, 1864
M.O. Not on muster out.

Henry Peakman
Rank: Private
Age: 29
M.I. 15 September 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861.
Muster for December 1861-February 1862, deserted November 8, 1861 Pottsville.

John Pope
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 31
M.I. 20 September 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861
Data: Deserted Camp Pottsville November 8, 1861
All muster for period covered show as deserted. November 7, 1861.

August Richter
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
M.I. 10 September 1862/ Joined 10 July 1862.
M.O. Died September 11, 1862.
Muster for June 1862- August 1862/ Died.
Muster for Feb. 1862-April 1862/ From recruiting station Harrisburg 5, March 1862 at Camp Northumberland.
Muster for June 1862- October 1862- Died at Camp Near Harrison’s Landing.
Died September 11, 1862 Fort Wood News York.
Buried at Fortress Monroe Va. September 12, Burial Record August 12 1862.
History of Schuylkill county listed him as died of Disease.

Michael Reardon
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville.
Age: 38
M.I. 11 September 1861/ Joined 23 September 1861
Muster for December 1861-February 1862/ Deserted November 8, 1861.
At camp Pottsville.
Muster for all dates listed as deserted.

Thomas Radborn
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville NE ward.
Age: 31
M.I. 21 September 1861
Muster for December 1861-February 1862, reduced from Corp. to the ranks 8th November.
Muster for February 1862-April 1862, Enlisted to 15 days sub is furnished by himself.
Bates lists him as deserted July 18 1863.

Martin Spence
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 43/ 46 on discharge.
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 7 September 1861.
M.O. October 21, 1864
1. Owes the Government 29 cents.
2. Bound due him $ 100.00
Wounded right leg and side.

Jacob Saylor
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville S. Ward
Age: 29
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 9 September 1861.
M.O. Died December 20, 1864
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Absent sick
Muster for October 1863-February 1863 Absent sick.
Muster for August 1864./
1. Taken prisoner Spotsylvania Va. May 20, 1864
2. $22.78 due him for clothing.
3. $ 100.00 bounty due him.
Bates list him as captured at Spotsylvania C.H. Va. May 20, 1864 and died at Camp Parole Md. December 20, 1864.
Clothing Book for January 1863 - April 1864

Jacob Saylor
1 Cap.
1 Frock coat
1 Sack coat
1Pr. Pants
1 Shirt.
4 Shoes (Bootes)
6 Socks.
As a prisoner he was listed as losing
2 coatstraps/ 2 Haversacks/ 1 canteen./ 1½ shelter tent.

Emanuel Sailor
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville.
Age. 27
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 11 September 1861.
M.O. October 21, 1864
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for October 1863-February 1863 Absent sick.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for August 1864
1. Taken prisoner Spotsylvania 20, May 1864.
2. $ 1.23 owed him for clothing.
Transferred to Company E 95 PVI.

Boaz Smith
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville NE ward.
Age: 41
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 3 September 1861.
M.O. March 31, 1862
Muster for February 1862-April 1862.
Discharged for disability March 31, at Camp North.
Discharged on a surgeons certificate.

John Seddon
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 25
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 11 September 1861
M.O. August 7, 1862
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Discharged on a surgeons certificate at Camp Nugent Near Harrison’s Landing, Va.
August 7, 1862.

Augustus Smith
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville NE Ward
Age: 21
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 14 September 1861.
M.O. 3 December 1862
Muster for April 1862-June 1862 Absent sick in Hospital.
Miners Journal reports he arrived in Phila, on board the steamer State Of Maine.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Returned to duty 9 August from 6 June in Hospital.
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Discharged 3 December 1862 New Stafford CH, Va. discharge and 2 statements given.
Muster for October 1862-February 1863 Discharged 3 December 1862 at Stafford Court House.

Martin Sipe
Rank: Private.
Hometown: Pottsville.
Age: 29
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined 6 September 1861
M.O. Killed 14 September 1862.

Muster for April 1861-une 1862 Absent sick in Hospital/ returned to duty 24 August from the Hospital
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 states killed in action Cramptons Gap 14 September

George Saylor
Rank Private.
Hometown: Pottsville N.Ward
Age: 22
M.I. 23 September 1862/ joined 9 September 1862.
Muster for October 1862-February 1863 Absent sick.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Absent sick
Bates: Deserted September 1862.
Miners Journal Sept 6, 1862 "The following soldier of the 96th were wounded in the late battles. G. Saylor C Company in the Back.

Cyrus Shearer
Rank: Private
M.I. September 23, 1861
Deserted July 9, 1864

H.Q. 1st Div. 6th Corps February 4, 1864
General Orders No. 44
Before a general court-martial of which Lt. Col. C. Olcott 121st N.Y. Vols. is president convened at H.Q. 2d Brigade 1st Division 6th Corps by virtue of special orders No. 113 room these H.Q. of Dec. 21, 1863 were arraigned and tried.

Private Cyrus Shearer Co. C 96th Penna Vols.

William D. Trout
Rank: Private
Hometown: North Manheim Township
Age: 21
M.I. 10 October 1862/ Joined 10 October 1862
Transferred to Company E April 14, 1864
M.O. roll states August 1864/ transferred to company G/ 14 April 1864/now assigned to Co. C.

David Thomas
Rank: Private.
Hometown. Pottsville N. Ward
Age: 21
M.I. 23 September 1861/Joined 7 September 1861
Muster for October 1862-December 1862/absent in US Hospital Fredrick Md. Wounded in action at Cramptons Gap, 14 September.
Muster for October 1862-February 1862 Same
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 same
Muster for August 1864 /transferred to the VRC 1863.
Veteran Reserve Corps.
August 12, 1909 died as invalid.

Thomas Tucker
Rank: Private
Hometown: North Manheim Township
Age: 24
M.I. 23 September 1861/ joined 7 September 1861
Muster for December 1861-February 1862 deserted Pottsville.
November 8, 1861.

Thomas Williams
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age: 23
M.I. 23 September 1861/Joined 21 September 1861
M.O. 21 October 1864
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Detailed to Div. Quartermaster Dept.
On muster out he was owed.
1. $8.44 for clothing
2. $100.00 bounty due.
From Company Clothing book.
20 Months service January 1863-September 1864
1 cap/ 3 sack coats/ 3 pr. pants(Mounted type)/1 shirt/ 2 drawers/9 shoes (bootes)/2 boots/11socks/2 canteens/1 haversack/1 shelter ½.
Was assigned to the Commissary Dept.

Perry Watts
Rank: Private
Hometown: Port Carbon
M.I. 23 September 1861/ joined 23 September 1861
M.O. 21 October 1864
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Detailed as a teamster.
at Division H.Q.
On Muster out he was due
1. $17.00 for clothing
2. $100.00 for bounty.
From the company Clothing book. January 1863-Sept. 1864.
4 sack coats/ 3pr. pants (mounted)/ 2 shirts/ 8 socks/ 1 blanket/ 1 pr. boots/ 1pr. gloves (Gauntlets)

James Wolfinger
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville N ward.
Age: 18
M.I. 23 September 1861/ Joined on same.
Muster for April 1861-June 1862 Absent missing since 27 June in action at Gaines Mill.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Missinf since June 27.
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Dropped from the rolls 10 October 1862 Per G.O. 162
History of Schuylkill county list him died of disease.
Bates list him died at Carters Farm Va. July 7, 1862.
From the Company Clothing book /
I.E. Severn of Company C 96th Regiment vol. on honor that James Wolfinger was a private in my company and whose mother I am informed is an applicant for his pension, that the said James Wolfinger died on the 7th of July 1862 at Hill Carter Farm Va. while a prisoner of war and I further certify that said James Wolfinger was with his company under my command when the movement to Harrisons Landing under Gen. McClellan was commenced-that from exposure and fatique caused by the excessive heat and severe marching, he was unable to keep up with his company, and was taken prisoner by the enemy advance. And further imformation of him was not received until June 1863, when I asked surgeon Martin Rizer, who informed me of the facts of his death.

Alexander Yost
Rank: Private
Hometown: Pottsville
Age 45
M.I. 23 September 1861/ joined 13 September 1861
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Absent sick in Hospital
Muster for June 1862-Octobeer 1862 Died at US Hospital Ft. Wood N.J. 12 September ±1862
Bates: Buried at Cypress Hill Cemetery L.I.


Elias B. Trifoos
Rank: Musician
Hometown: Pottsville SE Ward.
Age: 22
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 7, 1861
M.O. October 21, 1864
Was listed as a drummer.

Stephen Jones
Rank: Musician

Hometown: Port Carbon
Age: 29
M.I. September 23, 1861/ Joined September 5, 1861
M.O. February 11, 1863/ On Surgeon's Certificate.
Muster for June 1862-August 1862 Absent sick
Muster for June 1862-October 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for October 1862-December 1862 Absent sick.
Muster for October 1862-February 1863 Absent sick.
Listed on the rolls as a fifer.
Discharged on surgeon's certificate at Washington Feb. 11, 1863.


November 1861

Captain William H. Lessig.
Camp: Camp Franklin, near Alexandria, Va.
1 Capt.
1 1st Lt.
1 2d Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
72 Privates.
For a total strength of 90 men.
88 Men present for duty.
2 Men on sick call.

Prior to moving to Camp Franklin 5 men deserted from Camp Schuylkill in Pottsville.
1. Henry Peakman Nov. 7, 1861.
2. Michael Reardon Nov. 7, 1861.
3. John Pope Nov. 7, 1861.
4. Daniel Christian Nov. 7, 1861.
5. Frank Brennen Nov. 7, 1861.

1. November 6, 1861 Company Receives Colors from Gov. Curtain.
2. November 7, 1861 Camped at Camp Schuylkill on Lawtons Hill Pottsville.
3. November 8, 1861 Moved from Camp Schuylkill, by rail.
4. November 9, 1861 Moved to Kendall Green 1* miles from Washington. Camp named Camp Wilder.
Remain here for 2 weeks.
5. November 25, 1861 Move to Camp Pottsville. Near Fairfax Seminary.
6. November 29, 1861 Moved to Camp Franklin, stay for 4 weeks.

During the stay at Kendall Green the company was armed with the Harpers Ferry Musket, a totally inferior weapon. The men disliked them.


Captain William H. Lessig.
Camped: Camp Northumberland.

1 Capt.
1 1st.Lt.
1 2d Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
72 Privates.
82 Men present for duty: 4 men on sick call.

Private John W. Curry: Was detached to the Signal Service on the 25 December 1861.

1. 2 Officers were present for duty during December.
2. 1 Officer was on detached service for signal duty. On Dec. 21, 1861.
2d Lt. Samuel Russell.

December 27 1861 Moved into Camp Northumberland along the Loudon and Hampshire R.R. Near four mile crossing.
December 13, 1861 The company witnessed the execution of a soldier from New York: W.H. Johnson.

Most of December the company was engaged in drill and picket duty. Nothing of major importance happened during the month.


Captain William H. Lessig.
Camp: Camp Northumberland.
1 Capt.
1 1st.Lt.
1 2d.Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
70 Privates.

3 Officers present.
78 Privates present.
2 Privates in extra duty.
3 Privates on sick call.
Extra Duty.

1. David Kuhen detailed as a wood cutter for the regiment. 23 January.
2. Sgt. Louis Bruns detailed as a wood cutter for the regiment. January 23.
These positions were called Pioneers.


1. Pvt. John Curry with the Signal Corp.
2. Pvt. Arthur Brannagan on leave at Pottsville. January 25.


1. Pvt. Nickolas Dindorff on a surgeons certificate. January 30.
2. John McCaffery discharged August 7, 1861 at Pottsville.
3. James Boyd discharged on a surgeons certificate January 29.


The entire month was used for Company, Brigade and Division drill.

1. January 7, 1862 Exchanged the old Harpers Ferry Muskets with the Austrian Lorenz model. The men liked this rifle.
2. January 10, 1862 The company would practice drill with the use of Hardies Tactics.
3. January 12, 1862 Pvt. David Thomas of the company was arrested and confined to the guard house.
4. January 14-25 1862 The company was confined to their tents because of the bad weather, rain, sleet and snow.

5. January 27, 1862 The regiment was paid this day.
6. January 28, 1862 The company received a new gun that shoots 40 times a minute. (This must be the gun in the picture with the officers taken at Camp Northumberland.)


Capt. William H. Lessig.
Camp. Camp Northumberland.
1 Capt.
1 1st. Lt.
1 2d. Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
70 Privates.
84 Enlisted men present
3 Officers present.
3 Privates on sick call.


1. Pvt. John Curry detached to the Signal Corp.


1. Sgt. Louis Bruns detailed as wood chopper for the regiment. 25 January.
2. Pvt. David Kuhn detailed as a wood chopper for the regiment. 25 January.
3. Pvt. John H. Hanley detailed as a teamster. 44 years old.


The month consisted of mostly company level and regimental level drilling. February 2d would see the company return from picket duty. On the 9th Capt. Lessig would read the Army Regulations to the company. On the 22 cannon's were fired in honor of Washingtons birthday. On the 27th the famous photograph of the regiment was taken at Camp Northumberland, while in column of companies. The company would be paid on the 28th.
The weather during February was rainy most of the days making the camp a muddy mess.

MARCH 1862

Capt. William H. Lessig.
Camp: Camp Northumberland, Va.
1. Capt.
1 1st. Lt.
1 2d. Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
71 Privates.
84 Enlisted men present for duty.
1 Enlisted man on extra duty.


1. Pvt. John Currey with the Signal Corp.
2. Pvt. John Hanley detailed as regimental teamster.

The company received 3 recruits from the depot.

1. Pvt. Adolph Lutz Recruit Depot Harrisburg.
2. Pvt. August Richter Recruit Depot Harrisburg.
3. Pvt. Martin Recruit Depot Harrisburg.


1. Pvt. William Davenport discharged for disability March 1, 1862.
2. Pvt. Boaz Smith Discharged at Pottsville for disability March 31, 1862.
3. Pvt. Joseph Beadle discharged for disability March 1, 1862.
All men were discharged on the Surgeons certificate.


Most of the month was spent once again in company and regimental drill. There was also some target practice for the regiment. On March 10 the regiment marched to Fairfax Court House, and went into camp, this was an abortive move toward Manassas, Va. no fighting. On March 14 the regiment returned to Camp Northumberland. On March 19 the regiment had a brigade inspection, and General George McClellan reviewed the Brigade.

March 23, 1862 Company inspection arms and accouterments.
March 25, 1862 The whole army is reviewed by Gen. McDowell.
The company is marched out wearing knapsacks.
March 27, 1862 The regiment is reviewed by English Lord Lyon's.
March 28, 1862 The regiment went out on a march with full knapsacks for the purpose of getting use to them.

APRIL 1862

Capt. William H. Lessig.
Camp: Camp Northumberland Va.
1 Capt.
1 1st.Lt.
1 2d. Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
84 Enlisted / 80 present for duty/1 on extra duty/3 on sick call.


1. Pvt. John Hanley regimental teamster.


1. Pvt. John Curry with the Signal Corp.
2. Pvt. Louis Bruns detached as ambulance driver.


This month will be the beginning of General George B. McClellan's Peninsula campaign. On April 4 the regiment marched to Alexandria, were they went by rail to Manassas Junction and went into camp. On April 7 the regiment marched to Catletts Station, marched about 10 miles. Went into camp on a very swampy area. On the 9th they left camp in search of better ground, due to the constant rain and snow showers. Also the regiment was paid off after two months without pay. On April 11 the regiment moved across a railroad and went into camp called Camp Frick. On April 13 moved to Alexandria and went into camp. April 17th marched to the Potomac River and boarded the Steamer S.R. Spaulding along with companies A-B-D. On the 20th the regiment arrived off Ships Point Va. By the 27th the men have been aboard the Steamer for 10 days. As the month ends the company is still aboard the Steamer located off Fortress Monroe. The men are very tired and weary from being aboard ship so long.
Added Notes

April 2, 1862 The regiment had a concert by two young ladies from Lancaster. The regiment was formed in a hollow square with the young ladies singing in the center.

MAY 1862

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn
Camp: In the field before Richmond.
1 Capt.
1 1st. Lt.
1 2d, Lt.
71 enlisted men on duty/2 men on extra duty/6 men on sick call.
1 Officer on sick call.


1. Pvt. John Hunley as teamster.
2. Pvt. John Hall Hospital Nurse.


1. Pvt. Thomas Oliver
2. Pvt. John Nimbelton
3. Pvt. Martin Sipe
4. Pvt. August Smith
5. Pvt. Thomas Hilton

1. Capt. William Lessig


The regiment was finally sent ashore on the 2d, and were camped in a pine woods. On the 4th the company was put back aboard the Steamer Spaulding and moved up the York river were they landed at West Point, and put ashore on the 6th. On the 7th regiment was put into line on the edge of a wooded area seeing no action, would be called the battle of Etham Landing. May 8th would bring a different site to the boy's, they would see Professor Thadeous Lowes balloon overfly the camp. On May 9th the regiment moved inland and marched about 2 miles an went into camp, calling it Camp Lessig, after C company's Capt. May 11 marched about 3 miles and went into Camp Boyle. On May 13 the regiment moved toward White House Landing about 12 miles from camp Boyle and encamped at camp Russel. On the 15 the men marched again about 10 miles and arrived at Camp Anthony. On May 19 the men marched out of camp Anthony and marched 5 miles to Camp Haas. Early on the 20th regiment marched again about 6 miles and arrived at Camp Boyle. Constantly moving now the regiment is engaged in McClellan's move toward Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign. The men march once again for about 8 miles and arrive at camp Cake. Early on the 25th the regiment marched about 2 miles and encamped at camp Budd. The regiment marched out in light marching order about 3 miles, no action seen. On the 31st regiment is still encamped pulling mostly picket duty, and hearing firing in the distance This camp was called Camp Richards near Mechanicsville Va. in honor of the regimental adjutant.
You will notice that all theses camps are named after the officers in the regiment, this practice will end.

Additional Notes.

May 13, 1862 Camp Russel
May 15, 1862 Camp Anthony
May 19, 1862 Camp Haas
May 20, 1862 Camp Boyle
May 21, 1862 Camp Cake
May 25, 1862 Camp Budd

In the beginning the 96th named all their camps after the officers in the regiment, this practice would soon stop due to the frequency with which they would move.

JUNE 1862

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn
Camp: Camp Haesler in the field June 30, 1862
1 Capt.
1 1st.Lt
1 2d. Lt.
2 Officers present for duty/ 67 enlisted men present/ 3 on extra duty/ 6 men on sick leave./ 1 officer sick.


1. Pvt. John Curry detached to the Signal Corp.


1. Pvt. John Hunley as Teamster.
2. Pvt. George Taylor as Teamster.
3. Pvt. Louis Bruns as ambulance driver.


1. Pvt. August Smith left at White house Landing. 19 May.
2. Pvt. Martin Sipe Left at White House Landing. 19 May.


1. Lt. Hugh Stevenson wounded in action at Gaines Hill 27 June. Wounded in the arm.
2. Pvt. David Kuhens wounded in action at Gaines Hill 27 June.


1. Pvt. Joseph Hober 27 June 1862.
2. Pvt. James Wolfinger 27 June 1862.
3. Pvt. John Davis 27 June 1862.


1. Pvt. David Davis on Surgeons Certificate June 17 1862.
2. Pvt. Francis Matz on Surgeons Certificate June 17, 1862.


On June 1st the regiment marched toward Mechanicsville, Va. for a distance of two miles and was pulling mostly picket duty. On June 7th regiment went on picket duty, and returned on the 8th. C company and K-B-and A went out to cut logs for the purpose of building corduroy roads and bridges on June 12th. June 15th regiment on picket duty. Marched across the Chickahominy River on the 18th. The regiment is still engaged in making corduroy roads on the 22d. On June 26th the regiment went to the front to dig rifle pits. In the morning of June 27th the regiment marched out in light marching order( Cartridge Box, Haversack, canteen and musket ) and went to the right and was engaged in their first full combat operation at Gaines Mill. During this engagement the regiment lost 13 killed 61 wounded 13 missing for a total of 87 casualties. Company was fortunate in not having any body killed and only having 2 men wounded and three missing.
Withdrawing from the field on the 28th the regiment moved back about a mile and went into camp, when the rebels began shelling them. In the late evening of the 29th the regiment moved about 15 miles and encamped. During the morning hours of the 30th the regiment moved toward Charles City Crossroads and went in support of a battery of guns. This movement was in support of the retreat of the Federal army. In the evening the regiment was moved out to the left but was not engaged.

JULY 1862

1st.Lt I.E. Severn
Camp: Nugent, in the field Va. 31 July 1862.
1 1st.Lt.
1 2d. Lt
1 Capt. Sick.
61 Enlisted men present/ 5 on extra duty/ 7 men sick.
73 total enlisted.


1. Pvt. John Curry detached to the Signal Corp.


1. Corp. Gabriel Schollenberger to the Commissary Dept.
2. Pvt. Thomas Williams to the Commissary Dept.
3. Pvt. John Hanley Teamster.
4. Pvt. George Taylor Teamster.


1. Sgt. Hugh Stevenson wounded at Gaines Hill June 27, Hospital at York Pa.
2. Pvt. Martin Sipe wounded at Gaines Hill June 27, sick in Hospital at Philadelphia.
3. August Smith Left Sick at White House Landing, now recuperating in Pottsville.
4. David Kuhens wounded at Gaines Hill June 27, in Hospital at Philadelphia


1. Pvt. Joseph Wolfinger dies at Carter's Farm Va. July 7, 1862.


1. Pvt. John Billet on Surgeons Certificate.
2. Pvt. John Nimbelton on Surgeons Certificate, July 23.
3. Pvt. William King on Surgeons Certificate.


On July 1st regiment fell back to Malvern Hill, almost completely surrounded the regiment had orders to move very quietly, they muffled the wheels of the canons and wagons, they marched safely through and arrived at Malvern Hill about noon. Moved past Malvern Hill and went into camp and threw up rifle pits. On July 2, marched to Harrisons Landing and encamped in a wheat field filled with mud, this after an eighteen mile march.
On July 3d regiment moved about a mile to higher ground. President Lincoln reviewed the troops the 8th. On the 16th the regiment moved their camp and named it Camp Nugent. On the 21 of the month the regiment exchanged its old Austrian Muskets for the Enfield rifle, a musket of British origin, in the caliber of .557. On the 26th 4 men from each company were detailed to go out and work on the breast works. The remainder of the month was spent in drill and picket duty. From the 27-29 the company was detailed in digging a well for the regiment


Capt. William H. Lessig
Camp: In the field near Centerville Va. 31 Aug. 1862
1 Capt.
1 1st. Lt.
1 2d. Lt.
5 Sgts.
8 Corp.
2 Musicians.
60 Privates.
53 Enlisted men present/ 4 men on extra duty/ 3 men on sick call/ 1 officer on special duty.


1. Pvt. John Curry detached to the Signal Corp.
2. Pvt. D.E. Rishel on recruiting service in Harrisburg.


1. Corp. Gabriel Schollenberger, Commissary Dept.
2. Pvt. Thomas Williams, Commissary Dept.
3. Pvt. G.E. Sailor, Teamster.
4. Pvt. Louis Bruns, Ambulance driver.


1. Pvt. John Seddon Surgeons Certificate. Aug. 7, 1862.
2. Pvt. James Jennings Surgeons Certificate Aug. 22, 1862.
3. Pvt. John McCafferty Surgeons Certificate.


1. Pvt. John W. Hall died at Harrisons Landing Aug. 1, 1862. Of disease.


1. Pvt. John Davis MIA at Harrisons Landing. Aug. 7
2. Pvt. Jacob Hober MIA at Harrisons Landing. Aug. 7


1. Sgt. William Buckley
2. Corp. George Holder
3. Mus. Steven Jones
4. Pvt. John Hunley
5. Pvt. John Allen
6. Pvt. Joseph Ashworth
7. Pvt. David Kuhens WIA.
8. Pvt. Joseph Hober
9. Pvt. James Jennings

10. Pvt. Jenkin Jones
11. Pvt. Chris Kane
12. Pvt. John Noble
13. Pvt. Alexander Yost.


During the month of August, the company will gain back two men that were listed as missing in action:
4: Picket Duty
6: Regiment Paid.
8: Picket Duty.
14: Picket Duty.
15: Picket Duty.
17: Marched 18 miles toward Chickahominy River.
18: Marched early in the morning/ Passed through Williamsburg and encamped. 16 miles.
19: Marched past Yorktown for a distance of 14 miles.
20: Marched early after 15 miles encamped.
21: Marched at 7:00 A.M. arrived at Newport News. 12 miles.
22: Regiment boards the Steamer "New Brunswick"
23: Sailed up the Potomac, anchored after dark.
24. Sailed up to Alexandria. Marched through town.
25. Remained in camp.
26. Remained in camp.
27. Marched to Fort Lyons and encamped.
28. Marched to Fairfax, and encamped.
30. Departed camp at eight A.M. marched toward Bull Run, within two miles of the battle field. formed a line to catch stragglers. No action seen. ( Battle of Second Manassas).
31. Returned to Centerville on the heights.


Capt. William Lessig.
Camp. In the field.
2 Officers present for duty/ 1 Officer on special duty.
40 Enlisted men on duty.
3 Enlisted men on special duty.
2 Men on detached service.
4 Men on sick call.


1. Corp. Gabriel Schollenberger QM Dept.
2. Pvt. Thomas Williams Commissary Dept.
3. Pvt. Louis A. Bruns Ambulance driver.
4. 1st. Lt. I.E. Severn detailed as Acting Quarter Master of regiment.


1. Pvt. David E Rischell on recruiting duty.
2. Pvt. John Curry with the Signal Corp.


1. Pvt. William Buckley sick.
2. Corp. Alexander Allison wounded Sept. 17 at Crampton's Gap.
3. Pvt. George Holden sick.
4. Pvt. Thomas Hilton sick.
5. Pvt. Stephen Jones sick.
6. Pvt. John Hanley sick.
7. Pvt. Joseph Ashworth sick.
8. Pvt. Joseph Hober sick.
9. Pvt. Emanuel Sailor sick.
10. Pvt. I. Noble sick
11. Pvt. George Sailor sick.
12. Pvt. William Milens sick.
13. Pvt. Perry Watts sick.
14. Pvt. David Kuhns wounded at Gaines Mill June 27.
15. Pvt. Charles Bast wounded at Crampton's Gap Sept. 14.
16. Pvt. David Thomas wounded at Crampton's Gap. Sept. 14.
17. Pvt. Hugh Lynch wounded at Crampton's Gap. Sept. 14.
18. Pvt. John Frazer wounded at Crampton's Gap. Sept. 14.
19. Pvt. Thomas Oliver wounded at Crampton's Gap. Sept. 14.
20. Pvt. John Billey AWOL.
21. Pvt. Jacob Epting AWOL. Sept. 17.


1. Pvt. Joseph Hober for disability.


1. Sgt. Saul McMinzie Color Bearer killed at Crampton's Gap Sept. 14.
2. Pvt. Martin Sipe Killed at Crampton's Gap Sept. 14.
3. Pvt. August Richter Died at Fort Monroe of disease.
4. Pvt. Alexander Yost Died at Fort Wood New York Sept. 12.
Buried in Long Island.


The month of September 1862 would be the first time that the company would suffer deaths from actual combat. This would come at the Battle of Crampton's Gap, Md. on Sept. 14th.
1. Marched from Camp in Fairfax in the evening.
2. After on and off marching the regiment arrives at Ft. Lyon in the evening. Very muddy.
3. In the afternoon marched 1 mile to Alexandria.
4. In Camp.
5. Regimental Drill in morning.
6. Marched at six in the morning, crossed the long bridge.
7. Marched through Tanneytown, Md. 16 miles.
8. Marched 20 miles on this day, till 7:00 P.M. in Camp.
9. Marched 10 miles.
10. Marched 20 miles and went on picket duty in the evening.
11. On picket duty.
12. Marched through Darnestown, 15 mile march. Camped.
13. Marched at five in the morning went through Buckeystown and went into camp.
14. In the morning the regiment was sent out as skirmishers, and arrive at the foot of South Mountain and halted.
15. Still in the area of the of Crampton's Gap.
16. Still in Camp at Crampton's gap.
17. Marched over South Mountain toward Sharpsburg, arrived about 2 P.M. Then regiment was placed on the left of the line. The men are under constant fire from rebel artillery, 1 man in company G has his leg taken off by a solid shot. The regiment is moved further to the right out of artillery fire. Marched about 10 miles.
18. The regiment is still on the field. No fighting.
19. Marched 2 miles went into camp.
20. In Camp.
21. Marched 12 miles, toward Williamsport Md.
22. In camp at Williamsport, Md.
23. Marched 5 miles, went on picket duty.
24. Camp and picket duty. Camp is located 5 miles from Downstown.
25. In Camp.
26. In Camp, Had brigade dress parade in the afternoon.
27. In Camp.
28. in Camp. Picket and Guard duty
29. In Camp.
30. In Camp. Picket and Guard duty.

October 1862

William Lessig : Commanding
Station Bakersville, Va.

3 Officers present.
1 Capt.
1 1st. Lt.
1 2d Lt.
5 Sgts.
6 Corporals
51 Privates
2 Musicians

42 enlisted men present.
4 enlisted men on extra duty.
G. Schollenberger QM dept.
T. Williams Commissary dept.
L. Bruns Ambulance driver.
Perry Watts teamster.


2 men on detached service.
1. John Curry Signal Corps
2. D.E. Rishel recruiting duty.


14 men sick.
1. John Jones
2. Joseph Ashworth
3. E. Saylor
4. George Saylor
5. J. Noble
6. William Sailor
7. Stephen Jones (Musician)


7 men wounded.
1. Charles Bast
2. D. Thomas
3. Hugh Lynch
4. John Frazer
5. Thomas Oliver
6. Corp. Thomas Hilton
7. Corp. Alex Allison
All wounded at Crampton's Gap Dept. 14 1862.


2 men were lost to disability.
1. John Noble discharged on a surgeons certificate.
2. David Kuhns discharged on surgeons certificate at Baltimore.
3. James Hoby discharged on surgeons certificate at Phila.

Dropped from the rolls

1. Sgt. Buehley on the 10 October.
2. Hanley By G.O. 162
3. Jacob Epting at Burketsville.
4. John Billey at Burketsville.
5. Corp. George Holden, at Burketsville.


October 3, 1862 President Lincoln and General McClellan passed in review of the troops.
October 4-12 1862 Company and regimental drills, also various company inspections of arms and accouterments.
October 13, 1862 The company would draw a half of a shelter tent for each man, this is the first time the men will be using small dog tents.
October 19, 1862 The men's knapsacks were returned to the company after dropping them during the fight at Crampton's Gap.
October 20, 1862 On picket duty with the regiment.
October 21, 1862 Moved back to the old camp at Burkitsville.
October 31, 1862 Moved back to Crampton's Gap and encamped total distance of 13 miles marched.

November 1862

Capt. William Lessig Commanding.
Station: Camp Near Steffon Va.


3 officers.
38 Privates
5 Sgts.
5 Corporals.
2 Musicians.

Men On Extra Duty

5 men.
1. Thomas Williams Commissary Dept.
2. Louis Bruns Ambulance driver
3. Perry Watts Teamster (Brigade)
4. E.J. Philips Clerk at H.Q.
5. Thomas Radburn Medical Department.


2 men on detached service.
1. J. Curry Signal Corps.
2. E. Rishel Recruiting duty Harrisburg.


15 men were listed as sick.
1. J. Jones in hospital at Bidloe Island.
2. I. Jones in hospital at Bidloe Island.
3. J. Ashworth in hospital Bidloe Island.
4. E. Saylor in hospital at Bidloe Island
5. J. Noble in hospital at Bidloe Island.
6. G. Saylor in hospital at Bidloe Island.
7. W. Millens in hospital Bidloe Island.
8. J. Paul in hospital at Bidloe Island.

Discharged for Disability

1. Henry Hanley on Nov. 10, 1862


November 1, 1862 Marched to Petersville 7 miles and camped.
November 2, 1862 Marched another 7 miles and crossed river on pontoon bridge.
November 3, 1862 Marched 8 miles and camped on Winchester Road.
November 4, 1862 Marched 7 miles through fields and encamped.
November 5, 1862 Marched 8 miles.
November 6, 1862 Marched to Whiteplains and camped after 15 miles.
November 9, 1862 Marched to Thoroughfair Gap rested three hours then marched to New Baltimore.
November 16, 1862 Marched to Catlett Station about 13 miles.
November 17, 1862 Marched another 8 miles and encamped.
November 18, 1862 Marched to a road near Aquia Creek, about 15 miles.
November 24, 1862 Brigade inspection by General Brooks.

December 1862

Capt. William Lessig commanding
Station: Camp Near White Oak Church, Va.
31 December.


3 Officers
39 Privates
5 Sgts.
5 Corporals
2 Musicians

5 men on extra duty
4 men sick.

Extra Duty

1. Thomas Williams Commisary Dept.
2. Louis Bruns Ambulance driver
3. Perry Watts Teamster (Brigade)
4. E. Philips Regt. clerk at H.Q.
5. Thomas Readon Medical Department.

2 men on detached service
1. E. Rischell Recruiting in Harrisburg.
2. J. Curry on signal duty.


1. H. Lynch in Hospital Fredrick
2. J. Frazer in Hos]ital Fredrick Md.
3. T. Oliver in Hospital Fredrick Md.
4. J. Paul in Hospital Hagerstown Md.
5. J. Ashworth
6. J. Noble
7. G. Saylor
8. E. Saylor
9. J. Jones
10. W. Miller
11. S. Jones (Musician)
12. Corp. J. Hilton Fredrick Md. Wounded at Crampton's Gap detailed as a fifer.

1. August Smith on Dec. 3 1862.

The company also received 1 recruit from the recruiting depot.

January 1863

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn commanding
Station: Camp Near White Oak Church, Va.
31 Jan 1863
Capt. William Lessig is commanding the regiment by order on January 15, 1863.
Present for Duty

2 Officers
39 Enlistedmen
4 men on extra duty
5 men on sick roll.

Edward Pholips was promoted to Sgt. Major on Jan. 20. 1863

Extra Duty

1. Thomas Williams Commisary Dept.
2. Louis Bruns Ambulance driver
3. Perry Watts Teamster at Divsion H.Q.
4. Thomas Radburn Medical dept.


1 man on detached service.
1. John W. Curry Signal Service.
1 Officer on detached duty.


1. S. Jones
2. Thomas at Hospital Fredrick Md.
3. Hugh Lynch " " " "
4. Thomas Oliver
5. John Frazer at Hospital Alexandria Convelesent Camp
6. John Noble
7. Joseph Ashworth US hospital Philadelphia.
8. Geo. Saylor
9. E. Saylor
10. Jenkin Jones
11. William Miller

Discharged for Disability
1. John Frazer Jan 15, Surg. Cert.
2. John Allen Jan 14, Surg. Cert.
3. William Brennan Jan 14, Surg. Cert.

On January 14, Ed Rishel returned to the company from recruiting duty at Harrisburg. Corp. Thomas Hilton returned from the hospital on the 4th. And John Paul returned to the company from hospital in Hagerstown Md.

February 1863

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn commanding
Station: Camp at Wind Mill Point Va.
28 February 1863.

William Lessig is promoted to Major on Feb. 15 1863


2 Officers / 1 on special duty.
37 Enlisted men
5 men on extra duty
3 men sick
total 45 men present.

Extra Duty

1. Thomas Radburn Medical Dept.
2. John Crosland Medical Dept.
3. Louis Bocan Medical Dept.
4. Jacob Sailor Company Clerk.
5. James Lafferty Company Clerk.


4 men on detached service
1. John Curry Signal Corps.
2. Louis Bruns Ambulance Driver
3. Perry Watts Divsion Teamster.
4. Thomas Williams Commisary Dept.


1. David Thomas in Hospital Fredrick Md.
2. Hugh Lynch in Hospital fredrick Md.
3. Thomas Oliver in Hospital Fredrick Md.
4. John Noble
5. Joseph Ashworth
6. Geo. Saylor
7. Jenkin Jones
8. William Miller


1. Jenkin Jones discharged on Surg. Cert. Feb. 25
2. Thomas Oliver discharged for wd's rec'd at Cramptons Gap.
Sept. 14, 1862 discharged on Feb. 25

4. Thomas Frazer discharged officially on 15 of January.

1st. Sgt. E.L. Severn rejoins the company after being sick,

March 1863

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn commanding
Station: Camp near White Oak Ch. Va
31 March 1863

Present for duty

2 Officers
5 Sgt.
5 Corp.
41 Privates
2 Musicians

5 enlistedmen on extra duty
Extra Duty

1. Thomas Williams Commisarry Dept.
2. Louis Bocan Medical Dept.
3. J. Radburn Medical Dept.
4. J. Crosland Medical dept.
5. E. Rishell Mail Agent.


3 men on detached service.

1. John Curry Signal Corps.
2. Louis A. Bruns Ambulance Corps.
3. Perry Watts Division Teamster.
John Hartman absent on furlough 23 March.


1. David Thomas
2. Hugh Lynch wounded at Crampton's Gap Sept. 14
3. William Miller Wounded at Cramptons Gap.
4. Geo. sailor
5. E. Saylor


1. Joseph Ashworth at convaleant camp discharged on surg. cert.
2. J. Noble
3. J. Oliver
4. Stephen Jones
5. Jenkin Jones


1. Bryan Heely March 1 is supposed to be in Schuylkill county.

April 1863

1st. Lt. I.E. Severn commanding
Station: In the field near Fredricksburg Va.


2 Officers
5 Sgt.
6 Corp.
2 Misicians
40 Privates.

Extra Duty

1. Thomas williams Commissary Dept.
2. Louis Bocan Medical Department.
3. J. radburn Med. Dept.
4. J. Crosland Med. Dept.
5. E. rischel Mail Clerk.


3 men listed on detached service.
1. John Curry Signal corps
2. A. Bruns Ambulance Corps.
3. Perry Watts Divsion Teamster.

2 men on leave
1. Corp. Foltz
2. Pvt. John Simpson.


1. David Thomas wounded at Crampton's Gap/ in US Hospital
2. Hugh Lynch Wounded at Crampton's Gap /
3. William Miller
4. Geo. Sailor
5. E. Saylor

Final Muster Out Roll
21 October 1864

This muster out rol was compilled on the October 21, 1864 at Philadelphia, Penna. Capt. I.E. Severn was the commanding officer of the company.

The information contained included the men who were transferred and the men who died while in service and also those who deserted the company.

19 men were transferred to various organizations;

1. Gabriel Schollenberger transferred to Quatermaster Sgt. 15 July 62.
2. Edward J. Phillips promoted to Sgt. Major. 21 Jan. 63.
3. John W. Curry Assigned to the Signal Corps 12 Aug 63 G.O.358
4. Hugh Lynch to V.R.C. 1July 63 G.O. 202 war Dept.
5. Henty Roth Trans. to Compnay E 14 April 64 Non Veteran assigned to Company C.
6. Willaim Mayberry Trans. To Company E Non Veteran.
7. William Trout Trans. To Company E. Non Veteran.
8. Washington Bryan Trans. to Company G non veteran.
9. David Thomas Veteran Reserve Corps. 1863
10. James Hill Tansferred to company G. Temp. to Co. C
11. Charles Fisher 22 Sept. 64 to Battalion 95 PVI to serve out time.
12. Arthur Brannagen (same) 95 PVI
13. Martin Carey (same) 95 PVI
14. John Evans (same) 95 PVI
15. Charles C. Fox (same) 95 PVI
16. George K. Fry (same) 95 PVI
17. Joseph Jones (same) 95 PVI
18. Adoplh Lutz (same) 95 PVI
19. Geo. Williams (same) 95 PVI


1. Alexander Allison 2Lt. Died 5 May 63 from wounds received in action 3 May 63 Salem Hgts Va. Promoted to 2Lt. on 1 May 63.
2. James Wolfinger Pvt. 7 July 62 of disease at Hill Carters Farm, Va.
3. John W. Hall Pvt. 1 Aug. 62 of disease Harrison Landing, Va.
4. Andrew Martin Pvt. 6 Aug. of disease at Harrison Landing.
5. Alexander Yost Pvt. 12 Sept. 62 Ft. Wood N.J. Hosp.
6. August Richter Pvt. Died Sept. disease.
7. Martin Sipe. Pvt. KIA 14 Sept. Cramptons Gap.
8. Saul MacMinnzie Pvt. KIA 14 Sept. 1862 Crampton's Gap.
9. John Allison Corp.KIA 3 May 1863 Salem Hgt's.
10. William Madara Corp. KIA 3 May 1863 Salem Hgt's.
11. William Freast Sgt. KIA 3 May 1863 Salem Hgt's.
12. Henry Stubbleline Sgt.Died June 2 1863 of Wd's at Salem Hgt's
13. Louis A. Bruns KIA by a shell while bearing a stretcher in the Wilderness.
14. George Delkar Corp. KIA 10 May 64 in action at Spotsylvania.
15. Samuel Fisher Sgt. KIA 10 May 64 shot in the head at Spotsylvania.
16. John Davis Pvt. KIA 12 May 64 at Spotsylvania shot in the head.


1. George Lieb Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 at Pottsville.
2. Henry Peakman Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Potsville.
3. John Pope Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Pottsville.
4. Thomas Tucker Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Pottsville
5. Frank Brennan Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Pottsville.
6. Michael Rearton Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Pottsville
7. Daniel Christian Pvt. 7 Nov. 61 Pottsville.
8. Bryan Haley Pvt. Pvt. 1 Mar. 63 Winds Mill Point Md.
9. Jacob Epting Pvt. 17 Sept. 1862 Antietam, Md.
10. George Sailor Pvt. Sept. 63 at Hospital Washington DC.
11. William Millens Pvt. 15 Sept. 62 at Burkittsville Md.
12. Thomas Radborn Pvt. 18 July 63 at Williamsport Md.
13. Cyrus Weaver Pvt. 9 July 62 at hospital York Pa.

Burial Records of Bates.

1. J Breanny July 7 1864, Andersonville. 3027 48th P.V.I.
2. G. Heweban Nov. 26, 1864 Salisbury N.C 48th
3. J. Mease Oct. 4 1864 Co. A 48th Andersonville. 10,306
4. George Welch Feb 7, 1865 Co. E 48th Salisbury, N.C.
5. M. Shoemaker July 10, 1864 Co. E 48th Andersonville, 3136
6. Joseph Seymor Dec. 26, 1864 Co. H 48th Salisbury, N.C.

A Magnificent Flag For The Ninety-Sixth.

As our readers are aware the ladies of this borough have prepared a beautiful flag for the presentation to the battle scarred veterans of the Ninety-Sixth. The Philadelphia press of Tuesday thus notices the present.
The ladies of Pottsville have performed a patriotic act in ordering for presentation to the 96th P.V. a superb flag, richly mounted, and suitably inscribed. This is a Schuylkill County Regiment commanded by Major William Lessig, and the praiseworthy services which it has rendered on many a well fought field richly entitle it to this graceful recognition. The flag was got up at the military establishment of Messrs. Evans and Hassall, and was seen and admired by hundreds of our citizens at their large cream colored warehouse, no. 418 Arch Street, yesterday. It is constructed of the richest silk, and contains on one side of it the State Arms Of Pennsylvania surrounded by the following inscription: Presented to the 96th Regiment Pa. Vols. by the ladies of Pottsville, Schuylkill County, Pa," together with the names of the battles the regiment has been engaged. The reverse contains the United States coat of arms, and also the names of "Chickahominy," "Charles City Cross Roads," "Malvern Hill," "Second Bull Run," "Cramptons Pass," "Antietam," and "Fredricksburg." While the flag was in the artist's hands the regiment again advanced against Fredricksburg, under General Hooker, thus adding the name of the latter to their list of engagements a second time. The inscriptions are admirably arraigned, the effect of the scroll work being decidedly artistic. The flag reflects much credit upon the committee of ladies in Pottsville to whom the affair was entrusted, who's names we take liberty to mention, as follows: Misses Clara Lessig, Matilda P. Russel, and Maggie Boyle, the Philadelphia member of the committee being Mrs. H.P. Taylor. The committee of gentleman, upon whom the pleasant duty of presenting the flag to the regiment will devolve, is composed of Captain C. Tower, John Clayton, Esq., and Andrew Russel, Esq.
The flag is on exhibition in front of the American House, this borough.

Miners Journal May 1863

Camp Northumberland

This is a letter from Major M. Edgar Richards the Adjutant of the regiment describing the conditions of the 96th's camp at Camp Northumberland. The letter was written on January 19, 1862 while the regiment was still encamped.

I thought I new what muddy was were from traveling experiences, but I find since my introduction to the sacred soil that I am commencing to learn. It is a soil that readily becomes mud- the water is not absorbed, nor does it seem to run off. There is also no limit to the depth of Virginia mud- It is difficult to find a hard place..
We are noted for having the cleanest and driest camp in the division, and from personal experience I should judge, tat the mud in our camp is the thinnest place it must be about three inches judging from what I saw riding through them to headquarters this morning, the mud in the other camps must be about knee deep, and how they walk about at all is a marvel to me.
We are situated with our camp, on a side hill, and have taken care by grading and leveling and rolling with a very heavy iron roller, to get the ground firm and hard before the rainy season came on, but the water absolutely refuses to run off, even down a pretty steep grade. We are infinitely better off than our neighbors on the flat, who have no grade, and did not take the trouble we did. The ground is best described by comparing it to a sponge.
It is surprising how people accustom themselves to circumstances, here we walk about through the mud and pouring rain, with the same non chalance and indifference as if we were walking on Brussels carpet in the parlor at home. I have to laugh at it every day, and although I have come accustomed to doing it myself, I can't help noticing it in others- You see them wading about in it like ducks, never even looking for shallow places.
Every day or two it clears up for an hour or so, and then takes a fresh start, and rains with renewed energy.

Camp Northumberland

Here is an interesting article written to the Miners Journal concerning the 96th P.V.I.'s camp in the Virginia country side outside of Washington.

Camp Northumberland, Jan. 14 1862

Dear Journal- It being sometime since a communication has appeared in your valuable columns from the 96th. I thought that a few lines would not come amiss at this present instant. The more especially as many in and around your borough have relatives or friends serving in the ranks, for whose personal welfare they have and feel a warm interest.
We are at present encamped about 2½ miles from the city of Alexandria , and about the same distance from the Long Bridge, near the line of the Louden and Hampshire Railway, where it crosses Four Mile run, which is about three hundred and fifty yards below us.
The spot is a most admirably adapted for the purpose intended, situated as it is, near to good water, and completely sheltered from the weather by hills which are well wooded.
The streets are laid out with mathematical precision, and the tents of the men are, in their way, models of comfort. They are placed on good log foundations, the inter-space plastered with clay, and are as a general thing floored. Each tent contains a fire place built of brick, which our efficient Regimental Quatermaster was so fortunate as to obtain for the hauling at no great distance from the grounds. Altogether we have one of the handsomest, best regulated, and cleanest camps on this side of the Potomac.
Each man has been supplied with two blankets and an overcoat which though in some cases of rather inferior quality is sufficient to make them comfortable. The provisions provided for the men according to regulations are good, and as to quantity, ample, as many of your citizens who have visited us can testify to.
The health of the men is most excellent, but few being at present in the hands of the surgeon, and the majority of those who are there, being so from their own indiscretion.
Some two weeks ago we had a trial of picketing on the Little River Turnpike, our outposts being within cannon shot of the rebels The officers and men seemed to like this duty so much that they were sorry when they were relieved, wishing that they may be detailed for especially for that purpose. Nothing of special note occurred during the trip; but the stories of hair breadth escapes, gallant forays, and daring adventures that circulated among the men on their return, would excite the admiration and envy of Sylvanus Cobb, Emerson Hounett, and the other storiests of the New York Ledger, generally.
The health of our Colonel has for some days past been delicate, but we are most happy to say that he is now convalescent, and will be able, shortly to resume the arduous duties of his new profession. The health of the other officers as a general thing is excellent. Lt. Col. Frick never looked better, and Major Martin flourishes finely. Our kind and most respected Chaplain seems to endure the hardships of the camp well., and our Surgeon who by the by is in common parlance, a splendid fellow. He cures the many pains that our human flesh is heir as much by his exuberant humor and attie wit, as he does with his strengthening compounds.
We have lately been furnished with new Austrian musket, which though rather clumsy in construction, owing to the imperfect finish, is a most efficient weapon.
As yet the majority of the men have not been paid since we were formed into a regiment, why, I know not. Neither will pretend to say, doubtless good reasons could be assigned, if it were necessary. John Bruns Esq., has been appointed paymaster, and the probability is, though uncertain, that we will be paid off.
We have had several attempts to snow lately, but until last evening they did not amount to much. At present there is about inches of snow and sleet on the ground.
Owing to the continued inclemency of the weather, we have done little duty lately; but prior to this, we were kept steadily to work. Our men begin to drill well and bid fair at rival the crack regimental of the reserve. Brig. General Slocum, who, by the by, has won the hearts of the men by his humble and soldierly bearing, honored the regiment a short time ago with his special attention, trying that they did honor the brigade; and that they were fit at any moment to be led into action; hinting that the same time, that the day was not far distant when they would have a chance to display their loyalty and show their mettle.
There are rumors of an onward movement, and report says, that we are to be in it. How soon we know not, but wait in expectancy. The Potomac is to be opened; Richmond is to be occupied; so look for stirring times shortly. When the time does come, your readers can rest assured, that good old County of Schuylkill will not be disgraced by her children of the 96th.
Yours Ninety-Sixth.


THE 96th P.V.I.

Miners Journal Sept. 27 1862.
By Samuel Russel. Lt.
96th PVI. Co. C

Camp At Crampton's Gap, Blue Ridge Md.
September 15, 1862.

My dear Father:- Yesterday we advanced from this side of Buckeysville. Our regiment was in the advance some two miles. We found the enemy strongly posted on the mountain at Crampton's Gap; the main body of our troops (Slocum's division) soon arrived and we made preparations to storm the mountain pass. The enemy had every advantage and we every disadvantage; we were finally ordered forward and after advancing about a half of mile the rebels poured a tremendous fire of shell and grape upon us, still we kept on until we meet the infantry at the bottom of the hill, strongly posted behind a stone fence. It was perfectly useless to stand and fire at them so there was but one thing left for us to do, and that was to charge and drive them at the point of the bayonet. Col. Bartlett rode in front of our regiment and said, "Now Pennsylvanians do your duty!" Oh ! if 50,000 young men of Pennsylvania who are now still at home could have seen our regiment (very little over 400 strong) make the charge they would remain at home no longer. We were determined to take this place. Just before we reached the fence, we received a terrible fire: our men fell fast. Here our two color bearers were shot down. Two others immediately grasped the colors and were bearing them gallantly forward when they too were shot down. Lieut. John Dougherty of Co. F was killed here, and I believe Major Martin also, but were not to be kept back. On we went and took the fence, but that did not satisfy us we kept on and drove the enemy to the top of the mountain with terrible loss, completely routing them. Our forces were about equal. We could not use our artillery, but the bravery of the men made up for that. On reaching the top of the mountain we formed our lines again, but it was to dark to follow further. He we halted for about three quarters of an hour, when we came down some distance and remained for the night. We had no blankets and it was quite cold. Among the killed of our regiment are Saul Mcminzie, color bearer, and Martin Sipe. Wounded Sergt. Alexander Allison, Corporal Hilton, Privates Arthur Brannegan, C. Bast. D. Thomas, H. Lynch, J.Frasler, and Thomas Oliver color bearer.
None are very badly wounded. The loss in the regiment is 19 killed and 74 wounded. The loss to the rebels is five to our one and about 6 to 900 prisoners. I escaped without a scratch and was in the thick of the fight. I found an opportunity of firing my pistol fourteen shots. It is getting now getting dark. Col. Cake behaved most bravely. I am sorry to say we lost Major Martin, and Lieut. John Dougherty. All the men in the division behaved nobly. I will give you a further description of the battle at the first opportunity.
Your affectionate son,
Saml. R. Russel

Miners Journal: October 4 1862.
Lt. Samuel Russel letter.

Camp near Williamsport, Md. September 23, 1862.
My dear father- We left Sharpsburg battlefield on Saturday night about 11 O'clock and made a forced march of 13 miles, before 4 O'clock the next morning. We passed over a great portion of the battlefield. The bodies of a great number of rebels yet remained unburied up to that time. I thought we piled the rebels up pretty thick at Crampton's Gap, but Sharpsburg took it down. At one place you could count the bodies of 44 of them. The loss on both sides was pretty large but that of the rebels much larger than ours. John Hughes was Capt. of a battery and was at the battle. I do wish the 96th could have a chance to charge that battery. I have been hoping that we would fall in with the Penna. Militia. Dr. Hasseler came to see us. He told us they were between Williamsport and Hagerstown, but it appears they have been sent back to Greencastle. This morning we had orders to march back to Hagerstown at 8 O'clock but it since has been countermanded as to time. We are to march at a minutes notice, so we may go at any time.
I must relate a little incident that I saw during our charge at Crampton's Gap to show how reckless men can get. As we were charging, and just before we reached the stone fence where the rebels were , we came to a field, part containing corn and part grass and two or three apple trees. As soon as we came to the apple trees some of the men began knocking down the apples with their guns, all this was done under the heavy fire of musketry and within 60 yards of the rebels, after getting as many as they could wanted, they came on eating and fighting.
I suppose the bodies of Major Martin and Lieut. Dougherty have reached home before this. Our regiment lost but one killed and one wounded at Sharpsburg. That was done by a shell. We were supporting our batteries and were well protected by trees, rocks and rising ground.
We are all very well. Our wounded men are getting along very well; none of them are wounded dangerously. I send you a list of the wounded of our company. I should like to see it published as their friends might be relieved of a great deal of uneasiness.
Your affectionate son
Samuel R. Russel.
Salem Church
May 3, 1863

On May 3, 1863 General John Sedgwick's Union troops crossed the Rappahannock river at Fredricksburg and attacked the old confederate works on Marye's Heights. After taking the heights the Federals moved about 7 miles west along the Plank road to help Gen. Joseph Hooker fighting at Chancellorsville. On a small ridge outside of Fredricksburg stood an old Baptist church known as Salem Church, and located in and around this church were rebel soldiers of Gen. Lafayette Mclaws division. The fight at Salem Church would cost the Union army over 4,700 casualties, among the casualties would be many Schuylkill countians.
Sergeant John J. Jones, formerly from Pottsville but was residing in Frankford, Pa. in 1861 enlisted in the 15th New Jersey Volunteers, he was the son of the late John J. Jones of Pottsville, and was 39 years old. Sgt. Jones was a member of the Sixth Corps under Gen. John Sedgwick, the 15th New Jersey was the second regiment to cross the Rappahannock at Franklins crossing. On Sunday May 3d, 1863 the 15th was marching toward the church on the heights, posted on the extreme left of the line the 15th N.J. Vols. advanced through the woods in their front and came out the other side were they were meet by a tremendous volley of musketry from the rebels who were posted in a ditch and behind a fence. Advancing as a file closer with his regiment Jones was struck by a musket ball and died on the field near Salem Church. Jones leaves a wife and five children to mourn his loss.
Fighting with the 98th Pa. Vols at Salem church were two Pottsville residents, H.K. Seddinger a Hospital Steward, and Lt. Col. George Wynkoop, Seddinger wrote an interesting article to the Miners Journal on May 30th, 1863 about the battle.
"During the battle at Salem Heights, the 98th P.V.I. and the 62d N.Y.V., were necessarily left on the south side of the main road where they performed gallant service under the officer in charge of that portion of the line. They lost heavily and held their position to the last. Col. John J. Ballier, of the 98th received a serious wound in the foot and was taken from the field. At 5 P.M.

The Ninety-Sixth Regiment in the Battle
Of Second Fredericksburg
May 3, 1863

In the May 23rd issue of the Miners Journal a anonymous writer of the regiment by the pen name of Amicus Curae wrote a first hand account of the action taken by the 96th P.V. during the battle of Second Fredericksburg and Salem Heights.

Lacy House opposite Fredericksburg, Va.
May 13, 1863

Dear Journal: In my last communication I predicted an early crossing of the Rappahannock by our forces-but at the time I must confess, that I was not in the least apprehensive of recrossing. The complete success with which we effected a crossing you have been informed of. The blunt of the campaign seems to have fallen to the Sixth Corps, and I am proud to say they performed their whole duty upon all occasions. The terrible and fearful odds with which we were obliged to contend, and the wholesale destruction dealt out to them attests in words of high praise to the indomitable valor and energy of our tired troops. The Corps fought like tigers. The confederate army are willing to admit that we fought superior to any other time.
After the crossing the men at the same point crossed in December, the 1st division of the 6th Corps were drawn up in line of battle, the 2d Brigade being on the extreme left and had anything but a pleasant position to occupy. The rebel battery, located so as to control the railroad and the depot of supplies proved a formidable opponent. The accuracy with which our batteries were used silenced that of the enemy on several occasions during the day. At this point the 96th was ordered to take the railroad, with the promise of support from the 5th Maine. The 96th reached the road in most splendid style, but without any support-hence were ordered to fall back. During the operation we had several men killed and quite a large number wounded. Had the regiment received its proper support we would have charged upon the battery and no doubt captured it.

The Execution

On August 14, 1863 the 96th would be involved in the execution of a soldier from the 5th Maine. Thomas Jewitt was found guilty of deserting his regiment during the fight at Salem Church. The men of company C would draw lots and be responsible for supplying two men to be in the firing squad. Rueben Rishell and William Beadle were the men chosen. During the execution Rishell stated in his diary that he did not shoot. Sam Russel would also describe this very unpleasant duty that had to be performed.

Camp Near New Baltimore
August 14, 1863

This afternoon we are to have a military execution. The victim is Thomas Jewitt, of the 5th Maine Vols. (Of our brigade). He has been convicted of desertion, and sentenced to be shot on this 14th day of August, between the hours of twelve and four. A detail of twenty men from our regiment is to do the shooting, two being taken from each company. Only ten will fire and if that does not produce the desired effect, the others will have a chance. Desertion has become such an evil, that it is necessary to shoot somebody; and I think, before the month is out, several more will meet the same fate.
August 15, about 10 A.M., yesterday the regiment started from camp and marched to within about 2 miles of Warrenton the place decided upon for the execution. The Division was drawn up in two lines and formed three sides of a square. About 12 1/2 o'clock a government wagon, drawn by four horses, and containing the prisoner and the Chaplain of the 5th Maine regiment, made its appearance. Everything being ready our brigade band struck up a funeral dirge, and the wagon, with the prisoner was driven around the inside of the square, so that all could have a view of him. The prisoner was then taken out and placed on his coffin; the Chaplain offered up a short prayer, and the prisoners eyes were bound with a white handkerchief. The executions were drawn up in two lines of ten each. Eight muskets in each rank contained the fatal balls, the balance being blank cartridges. As I said before only the front rank was to fire, unless they did not succeed in killing him. The shooting party now moved up to within twelve paces of the prisoner, and at the command "Fire" the muskets were discharged simultaneously. I never heard better firing in my life. Before we heard the report of the guns, the prisoner fell from his coffin. Six balls passed through his body. Two guns failed to go off, which accounts for more balls not going through. As soon as he was pronounced dead, the bands struck up a lively airs, and we were all marched by him, and continued on our way home. The firing party were very highly complimented for their excellent firing.

Miners Journal August 1863.